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Technical Paper

Customer Orientation: A Further Target in Brake System Design

The attention to the perceived quality, e.g. the quality as it is evaluated by the final customer, is becoming more and more important for the car makers. The paper describes how such aspects of braking system feel quality, joined with brake thermal constraints and interactions with other vehicle subsystems, such as suspensions, tyres and rims, can become manageable by an engineering process. In order to do that experienced designers define: longitudinal brake performance, stability limits in braking in a turn by comparison with referenced cars; brake thermal constraints; brake system constraints due to interactions with other vehicle subsystems. For perceived quality, on the other hand, it's necessary to take a different kind of approach in order to define targets.
Journal Article

Development of a High Performance Natural Gas Engine with Direct Gas Injection and Variable Valve Actuation

Natural gas is a promising alternative fuel for internal combustion engine application due to its low carbon content and high knock resistance. Performance of natural gas engines is further improved if direct injection, high turbocharger boost level, and variable valve actuation (VVA) are adopted. Also, relevant efficiency benefits can be obtained through downsizing. However, mixture quality resulting from direct gas injection has proven to be problematic. This work aims at developing a mono-fuel small-displacement turbocharged compressed natural gas engine with side-mounted direct injector and advanced VVA system. An injector configuration was designed in order to enhance the overall engine tumble and thus overcome low penetration.
Technical Paper

Integrated CAE Simulation for Car Dashboard Design

The behavior of an automotive dashboard has been evaluated using mathematical FEM models in combination with explicit structural codes in accordance with EEC homologation test 78/632. The test simulates the impact of the human head against the dashboard which can occur during a front crash. The simulation of the impact phenomenon in the basic dashboard configuration was examined as related to a series of design variants elaborated to eliminate critical areas. Variations in the stresses were determined in the component in reference to the basic model. An indispensable premise to achieving these results was the execution of FEM process simulations aimed at obtaining the actual distribution of the mechanical strength properties, which were weighted according to the localized influence of different temperatures and flow stresses during injection.