A CFD Study of Diesel Substrate Channels with Differing Wall Geometries
This paper describes efforts to use computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to provide some general insights on how wall-based protuberances affect the flow and thermal fields in substrates exposed to typical diesel engine exhaust conditions. The channel geometries examined included both square and round bumps as well as an extreme tortuous path design. Three different 2d CFD laminar-flow analyses were performed: (1) a transient fluid analysis to identify the existence of any vortex shedding in the vicinity of the bumps, (2) a steady-state fluid analysis to examine the velocity and pressure fields as well as momentum transport characteristics, and (3) a thermal analysis to examine the heat transport characteristics. The model predicts no vortex shedding behind the bumps for the conditions and geometries examined, confirming the validity of a steady state approach and eliminating this possible transport mechanism.