Combining High Performance with Euro IV Capability in a Naturally Aspirated Production Engine
The requirements to produce high specific power, a high torque across a broad engine speed range and very low emissions levels have been seen as mutually exclusive in a conventional normally aspirated SI engine. Ford Motor Co in association with Cosworth Technology Ltd. have developed a port injection SI engine which achieves in excess of 63kW/ltr, a peak torque in excess of 97Nm/ltr, 92Nm/ltr between 2500rpm and 6500rpm and meets European IV and North American LEV emissions levels for the Focus ST170 in Europe and the SVT Focus in the US. To achieve the required torque across the speed range the volumetric efficiency needed to be maximized at all engine speeds. This was done by fitting continuously variable inlet valve timing, variable length intake manifold and a tuned exhaust manifold. To meet the emissions requirements, the catalyst light off time must be kept to a minimum.