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Technical Paper

Catalyst Design for High Performance Engines Capable to Fulfill Future Legislation

To meet future emission levels the industry is trying to reduce tailpipe emissions by both, engine measures and the development of novel aftertreatment concepts. The present study focuses on a joint development of aftertreatment concepts for gasoline engines that are optimized in terms of the exhaust system design, the catalyst technology and the system costs. The best performing system contains a close-coupled catalyst double brick arrangement using a new high thermal stable catalyst technology with low precious metal loading. This system also shows an increased tolerance against catalyst poisoning by engine oil.
Technical Paper

The Impact of High Cell Density Ceramic Substrates and Washcoat Properties on the Catalytic Activity of Three Way Catalysts

The present paper describes the results of a joint development program focussing on a system approach to meet the EURO IV emission standards for an upper class passenger car equipped with a newly developed high displacement gasoline engine. Based on the well known catalyst systems of recent V6- and V8-engines for the EURO III emission standards with a combination of close coupled catalysts and underfloor catalysts, the specific boundary conditions of an engine with an even larger engine displacement had to be considered. These boundary conditions consist of the space requirements in the engine compartment, the power/torque requirements and the cost requirements for the complete aftertreatment system. Theoretical studies and computer modeling showed essential improvements in catalyst performance by introducing thin wall substrates with low thermal inertia as well as high cell densities with increased geometric surface area.
Technical Paper

Utilization of Advanced Pt/Rh TWC Technologies for Advanced Gasoline Applications with Different Cold Start Strategies

This paper describes the results of a joint development program focussing on the introduction of the new generation of Pt/Rh-technology for current and future emission standards as a cost effective alternative to the in serial Pd/Rh based exhaust gas concepts. In the initial phase of the program combinations of Pd- and Pt-based three-way catalyst technologies were evaluated on vehicles equipped with a 8 cylinder engine. One goal in this portion of the study was to achieve technical equivalence between a viable Pd-based technology and the new Pt/Rh technology in the underfloor position at lower precious metal loading. A combination of a close-coupled Pd/Rh technology and the new Pt/Rh in the underfloor position was able to meet the emission targets at significant lower costs of the system after a catalyst aging that resembles more than 100.000 km of vehicle German highway driving.
Technical Paper

Utilization of Advanced Three-Way Catalyst Formulations on Ceramic Ultra Thin Wall Substrates for Future Legislation

The LEV II and SULEV/PZEV emission standards legislated by the US EPA and the Californian ARB will require continuous reduction in the vehicles' emission over the next several years. Similar requirements are under discussion in the European Union (EU) in the EU Stage V program. These future emission standards will require a more efficient after treatment device that exhibits high activity and excellent durabilty over an extended lifetime. The present study summarizes the findings of a joint development program targeting such demanding future emission challenges, which can only be met by a close and intensive co-operation of the individual expert teams. The use of active systems, e.g. HC-adsorber or electrically heated light-off catalysts, was not considered in this study. The following parameters were investigated in detail: The development of a high-tech three-way catalyst technology is described being tailored for applications on ultra thin wall ceramic substrates (UTWS).