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Technical Paper

Effect of Tire Stiffness on Vehicle Loads

Tire stiffness can have a significant effect on the spindle and component loads. While its’ effect on the component loads may show a different trend. This paper deals with data acquisition loads using Wheel Force Transducer (WFT) with 17 inch, 18 inch and 20 inch tires and shows how the spindle loads changed for different tire. These loads are applied on the analytical suspension model to generate both component and the body attachment loads. Some of the measured channels are correlated for all the wheel sizes for multiple events to ensure the confidence in the model. It is found that even if spindle loads are increased with tire stiffness, the component loads do not necessarily show a similar trend. This paper studies why higher spindle forces do not always give higher component loads and what are the possible alternatives one may look into to shortlist or select one set of loads over the other.
Technical Paper

Truck Body Mount Load Prediction from Wheel Force Transducer Measurements

This paper introduces a reliable method to calculate body mount loads from wheel-force-transducer (WFT) measurements on framed vehicles. The method would significantly reduce time and cost in vehicle development process. The prediction method includes two parts: Hybrid Load Analysis (HLA) that has been used by DaimlerChrysler Corporation and Body Mount Load Analysis (BMLA) that is introduced by this paper for the first time. The method is validated on a body-on-frame SUV and a pickup truck through one proving ground events. The example shown in this paper is for a SUV and one of the most severe events. In HLA, the loads at suspension-to-frame attachments are calculated from spindle loads measured by WFT. In BMLA, body mount loads were calculated using outputs of HLA with detailed finite-element-modeled frame and body. The loads are compared with measured body mount loads. The comparisons are conducted in range, standard deviation (S.D.), and fatigue pseudo-damage.