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Technical Paper

Piston Ring Cylinder Liner Scuffing Phenomenon: Investigation, Simulation and Prevention

In spite of being a popular topic in technical publications, scuffing between piston ring face and cylinder liner is an extremely unpredictable and hard-to-reproduce phenomenon that significantly decreases engine performance. This paper will discuss results of metallurgical and metrological (post-mortem) examinations of the scuffing between hard and soft cylinder liners and different piston ring coatings after field, engine and bench testing. Detailed metallurgical analysis describes the lubricity mechanism between various piston ring coatings and iron cylinder liner at different temperatures with and without oil. The paper will explain the origin of the scuffing through lack of or inadequate lubrication at top dead center, particularly for hardened iron heavy-duty diesel cylinder liners.