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Journal Article

Development of Magneto-Elastic Torque Sensor for Automatic Transmission Applications

Progress in the design and application of the magneto-elastic torque sensor to automotive drivetrain systems has taken the technology from the concept level to the point where it is considered production feasible. The latest generation of the sensors shows promising results regarding both the capabilities and applications to powertrain controls. Sensor designs, electronics and packaging layout are maturing. Well-defined component specifications and requirements are becoming available. The sensor utilities for real-time shift analysis and friction element control are established through vehicle-level investigation to demonstrate the production feasibility of the technology for transmission torque sensing.
Technical Paper

Effect of Road Excitations on Driveline Output Torque Measurements

This paper presents the characterization of the random noise in driveline output shaft torque measurements that is commonly induced by road disturbances. To investigate the interaction between the shaft torque and road side excitation, torque signals are measured using a magnetoelastic torque sensor, as well as a conventional strain gauge sensor, under various types of road surfaces and conditions such as unevenness. A generalized de-trending method for producing a stationary random signal is first conducted. Statistical methods, in particular the probability density function and transform technique, are utilized to provide an evident signature for identifying the road excitation effect on the vehicle output shaft torque. Analysis results show how the road surface can act as a disturbance input to the vehicle shaft torque.
Technical Paper

Review of Wet Friction Component Models for Automatic Transmission Shift Analysis

In a step-ratio automatic transmission system, wet friction components are widely utilized to alter planetary gear configurations for automatic shifting. Thus, their engagement characteristics have a direct impact on shift quality or drivetrain NVH. A vehicle design process can benefit from predictive friction component models that allow analytical shift quality evaluation, leading to reduced development time. However, their practical application to shift analysis is seldom discussed in the literature although there are many references available for friction component modeling itself. A successful shift analysis requires a balance of model complexity, predictability and computational efficiency for a given objective. This paper reviews three types of friction component models found in today's open literature, namely, first principle based, algebraic, and empirical models. Model structure, assumptions, computational efficiency, and utilities are discussed.