Hydrogen Effect on the DeNOX Efficiency Enhancement of Fresh and Aged Ag/Al2O3 HC-SCR in a Diesel Engine Exhaust
HC-SCR is more convenient when compared to urea-SCR, since for HC-SCR, diesel fuel can be used as the reductant which is already available onboard the vehicle. However, the DeNOX efficiency for HC-SCR is lower than that of urea-SCR in both low and high temperature windows. In an attempt to improve the DeNOX efficiency of HC-SCR, the effect of hydrogen were evaluated for the fresh and aged catalyst over 2 wt.% Ag/Al₂O₃ using a Euro-4 diesel engine. In this engine bench test, diesel fuel as the reductant was injected directly into the exhaust gas stream and the hydrogen was supplied from a hydrogen bomb. The engine was operated at 2,500 rpm and BMEP 4 bar. The engine-out NOX was around 180 ppm-200 ppm. H₂/NOX and HC₁/NOX ratios were 5, 10, 20, and 3, 6, 9, respectively. The HC-SCR inlet exhaust gas temperatures were around 215°C, 245°C, and 275°C. The catalyst volumes used in this test were 2.5L and 5L for both fresh and aged catalysts.