A Study of Compression Ignition Engine Operated by Various Biomass Fuels
The engine performance, combustion characteristics and exhaust emission of pre-chamber type compression ignition engine operated by various biomass fuels were investigated experimentally. The biomass fuel investigated in this report are an emulsified fuel made with gas oil and hydrous ethanol or hydrous methanol, an emulsified fuel made with hydrous methanol and rape-seed oil, and neat rape-seed oil, and gas oil. There are small deviations of the experimental results between the biomass fuels, however, the general tendencies of the engine performances and exhaust gas characteristics operated by biomass fuels are as follows: The brake thermal efficiency during biomass fuel operation becomes maximum at a certain injection timing as well as those of the gas oil operation. And this injection timing is advanced with increasing the biomass content in the fuel.