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Technical Paper

Robust, Self-Calibrating Lambda Feedback for Sl Engines

An important element in nearly all engine control systems is the lambda control feedback system and its associated switching exhaust gas oxygen sensor (EGO). This feedback loop is necessary to keep the mean value of the normalized air/fuel ratio close to one. This is a necessary condition for proper operation of the three-way catalyst systems which are a part of nearly all production emissions control systems. Currently many systems are based on using classical proportional-integral (PI) controllers in lambda control feedback loops which are self-oscillating. Proper design of such systems is dependent on knowing the time delay between the injection time and the time when a corresponding signal appears at the engine exhaust EGO sensor. Recently a new method of designing the vital larnbda control loop has emerged which is claimed to be very robust with respect to the injection/exhaust time delay.
Technical Paper

Transient A/F Ratio Errors in Conventional SI Engine Controllers

In an earlier paper one of the authors of this paper (E. Hendricks and co-authors) treated the question of obtaining correct steady state and transient control of the air/fuel (A/F) ratio of an SI engine. This study was based in part on simulations conducted with a dynamic engine model developed earlier and in part on experimental results. The main conclusions were that conventional control strategies (Speed-Throttle, Speed-Density and Mass Air Flow (MAF)) cannot give proper A/F control because of 1. sensor and anti-aliasing filter time constants and 2. improper or lacking compensation for manifold fuel film and (air) filling dynamics. In this paper, the results of a long series of experiments conducted with the control systems above are to be presented. Both central fuel injection (CFI) (or throttle body (TBI)) and electronic fuel injection (EFI) (or multipoint (MPI)) manifolds have been investigated.