Laminar Spherical Flame Kernel Investigation of Very Rich Premixed Hydrocarbon-Air-Mixtures in a Closed Vessel under Microgravity Conditions
In this work very rich premixed laminar spherical flame kernels of hydrocarbon-air combustible mixtures were experimentally and numerically investigated under microgravity conditions. These microgravity combustion experiments were carried out in the Drop Tower of Bremen University. The Closed-Vessel-Bomb-Method (CVBM) was applied for all experimental investigations combined with a monochromatic Helium-Neon-Schlieren Measurement Technique. Images of the propagating spherical flames were tracked with a High-Speed-Camera. The pressure vessel enables optical access and contains a volume of approx. half a litre. Combustible Mixtures were investigated at initial pressures up to 30 bar and initial temperatures were 420 K for all experiments, whereas the equivalence ratio for investigated N-Pentane-Air-Mixtures was Φ=3.0, N-Hexane-Air-Mixtures was Φ=3.3, N-Heptane-Air-Mixtures was Φ=3.5 and the equivalence ratio for investigated Isooctane-Air-Mixtures was Φ=3.9 for all experiments.