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Technical Paper

Deriving the Compressed Accelerated Test Cycle from Measured Road Load Data

Validation of vehicle structure is at the core of reduction of product development time. Robust and accelerated validation becomes an important task. In service the vehicle is subjected to variable loads. These act upon the components that originate from road roughness, manoeuvres and powertrain loads. Majority of the body in white and chassis structural failures are caused due to vertical loading. Measured road load data in test track have variable amplitude histories. These histories often contain a large percentage of small amplitude cycles which are non damaging. This paper describes a systematic approach to derive the compressed load cycle from the measured road load data in order to produce representative and meaningful yet economical load cycle for fatigue simulation. In-house flow was developed to derive the compressed load time history.
Technical Paper

Evaluation of Vehicle Systems Structural Durability Using PSD Based Fatigue Life Approach

In current competitive environment automobile industry is under heavy pressure to reduce time to market. First time right design is an important aspect to achieve the time and cost targets. CAE is a tool which helps designer to come up with first time right design. This also calls for high degree of confidence in CAE simulation results which can only be achieved by undertaking correlation exercises. In automobiles most of the structures are subjected to vibration from dynamic loads. All the dynamic road loads are random in nature and can be very easily expressed in terms of power spectral density functions. In the current scenario structural durability of the parts subjected to vibration is done partially through modal performance and partially though frequency response analysis. The only question that arises is what amplitude to use at what frequency and how to map all the accelerated tests dynamic load frequency spectrum to simulation domain.
Technical Paper

Experimental Investigation on the Effect of Tire Pressure on Ride Dynamics of a Passenger Car

Ride is essentially the outcome of coupled dynamics of various involved sub-systems which make it too complex to deal analytically. Tires, amongst these, are known to be highly nonlinear compliant systems. Selection of tires specifications such as rated tyre pressure, etc. are generally decided through subjective assessment. While experts agree that tyre pressure affects the attributes such as ride to a noticeable degree, the quantification of the change often remains missing. In the current work, vibration levels of various sub-systems relevant to ride in an SUV are measured for three different tyre pressures at different speeds over the three randomly generated roads. For the purpose, artificial road profiles of classes A, B and C are synthesized from the spectrum of road classes defined in ISO 8608:2016 and reproduced on a four-poster test rig.
Technical Paper

Front Loading In-Vehicle Traffic Light Visibility Requirements for Driver as per Indian Road Standards

Traffic awareness of the driver is one of the prime focus in terms of pedestrian and road safety. Driver experience plays a significant role and driving requires careful attention to changing environments both within and outside the vehicle. Any lapse in driver attention from the primary task of driving could potentially lead to an accident. It is observed that, lack of attention on the ongoing traffic and ignorant about the traffic information such as traffic lights, road signs, traffic rules and regulations are major cause for the vehicle crash. Traffic signals & signage are the most appropriate choice of traffic control for the intersection, it is important to ensure that driver can see the information far away from the intersection so that he/she can stop safely upon viewing the yellow and red display. Then, upon viewing the signal operations and conditions the motorist can stop his/her vehicle successfully before entering the intersection.
Technical Paper

Generating a Real World Drive Cycle–A Statistical Approach

Drive cycles have been an integral part of emission tests and virtual simulations for decades. A drive cycle is a representation of running behavior of a typical vehicle, involving the drive pattern, road characteristics and traffic characteristics. Drive cycles are typically used to assess vehicle performance parameters, perform system sizing and perform accelerated testing on a test bed or a virtual test environment, hence reducing the expenses on road tests. This study is an attempt to design a relatively robust process to generate a real world drive cycle. It is based on a Six Sigma design approach which utilizes data acquired from real world road trials. It explicitly describes the process of generating a drive cycle which closely represents the real world road drive scenario. The study also focuses on validation of the process by simulation and statistical analysis.