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Technical Paper

Charger XL: A Lightweight Materials Development Vehicle

The substantial development efforts made by the steel and aluminum industries have resulted in high strength-to-weight ratio materials that can be employed to achieve significant vehicle weight reduction. This total vehicle weight reduction is the sum of the initial weight savings attributable to lightweight material substitution and the iterative weight savings resulting from component weight interactions. The theoretical concept of vehicle interactive weight reduction was presented in a previous work. The present work reviews this theoretical concept and presents an experimental application: Charger XL, a lightweight materials development vehicle. Charger XL is 630 lb. (286 kg) lighter than its current, standard production counterpart. Lightweight materials substitution accounts for 375 lb (171 kg) while the interacting savings accounts for the remaining 255 lb (115 kg).
Technical Paper

High Strength Steels In Production Automobiles

More than 77 kg (170 lbs.) of high strength steels (70 parts) are used in the new Chrysler Omni and Horizon models. Nearly 50 percent of these high strength metals is dent resistant steel. Why these high strength steels are used and what components are in production, are reported in this paper. The production experiences with these materials for major components are discussed. The development and application of dent resistant steel for hood outer panels are also reported. The advantages of using these high strength materials are also discussed in this report.
Technical Paper

High-Strength Steel for Cost Effective Weight Reduction

Substitution of high-strength steels for low-carbon steels in automotive components to control spiraling weight increases in recent years is discussed. Material design interacting parameters are considered for efficient utilization of these materials. The economic justification for material substitution in terms of strength levels and grades are discussed in detail. Significant stamping experience in forming these materials for Lightweight Charger XL is presented in this paper. Examples of formed parts are shown and die modifications associated in forming some of the parts are also outlined.
Technical Paper

Kinetic Modulus of Steel: A New Automotive Design Parameter

Successful automotive weight reduction with high strength-to-weight ratio steels has caused re-evaluation of the basic structural design parameters. This paper introduces the new concept of “Kinetic Modulus” which describes the nature of materials in motion. Kinetic modulus is influenced by stress and strain amplitude, yield strength and the number of loading cycles. The scope of kinetic modulus encompasses: elastic, secant, dynamic and tangent moduli; each of which is a specific case of kinetic modulus at a particular condition. Theoretical and experimental results are presented to support this concept. They show that high strength steel has higher dynamic stiffness and improved vibration response in structures as compared to that of lower strength steel. Thus, high strength steel (“Stiff Steel”) can be used advantageously in stiffness controlled automotive structures to achieve greater weight reductions.
Technical Paper

Worldwide Supply Of Zinc Coated Sheet Steel For Automotive Applications

The current worldwide availability of zinc coated sheet steel is presented along with applications in the automotive industry. Available grades of zinc coated steels and their manufacturing processes are also described. Long term needs of these products by the automotive industry are discussed. Types of zinc coated steels and their future availability are forecasted.