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Technical Paper

An Overview of Electronic Intelligence in Future Commercial Vehicle Generations

The consequent means towards improved enhancement of the safety of commercial vehicles will in future times require more and more electronic intelligence, in case a distinct optimization of the systems will not be possible with conventional means. In forefront, endeavours are aimed at the improvements of the functions of the system in regard to driving safety, as well as driver stress relief at lowest possible costs, in order to increase the total cost effectiveness of commercial vehicles. Starting with currently implemented electronic systems up to systems now under development, a continuous development of standalone electronics up to integrated electronic compounding is the current trend. This trend shows advantages of reduced wiring and the number of sensors while it increases the function at the same time.
Technical Paper

Commercial Vehicles with Intelligent Rear Axle Steering Systems

Rear axle steering systems electronically controlled and hydraulically actuated are discussed for commercial vehicles. With these steered axles, the major objective is to improve the manoeuvrability of these vehicles. With the aid of the steering strategy “Rear end Swing-out Compensation” it will be assured, that in two-axle, all-wheel steering trucks dangerous rear end swing-out effects, occuring primarily in low speed ranges, will not take place. In addition, it is possible to enhance the dynamic stability of two-axle trucks while braking on split adhesion road surfaces with the aid of specific control algorithms. Furthermore, the application of a rear axle steering system can suppress dangerous lateral oscillations of centre-axle trailers.
Technical Paper

Potential of Additional Mechanical Supercharging for Commercial Vehicle Engines

Modern commercial vehicle engines are equipped with turbocharging and intercooling. This results in low emissions and fuel consumption. In the lower speed and load range and under transient conditions, these engines have disadvantages, as the fuel injection rate has to be limited to avoid excessive smoke emission. Also, the engine braking performance of highly charged, small displacement engines is also lower than that of large displacement engines. Mercedes-Benz decided to develop a combination of turbocharger and mechanical supercharger. In the lower speed range higher torque levels are possible and maximum torque is available without any lag especially in the transient mode with low smoke emission and fuel consumption. Vehicle performance during acceleration can be improved by up to 30%. During engine braking operation, the mechanical supercharger is activated throughout the whole engine speed range which results in a distinctive increase in braking power.
Technical Paper

Results and Economical Aspects of Simulation Systems Evaluating the Braking and Steering Performance of Commercial Vehicles

The simulation of the driving performance of motor vehicles offers the possibility of analyzing the behavior of new commercial vehicles or new systems to be integrated into the vehicle, already before the stage of the first prototypes. Thus, simulation technology may contribute to shorten the time and costs needed for the development of new vehicles and new vehicle systems. As an example, this contribution describes the simulation of a commercial vehicle with adaptive suspension elements. The simulations were used to coarse-tune the suspension elements before installation and fine-tuning them in a prototype vehicle, and to define and optimize the control strategies of electronically controlled suspension systems. A comparison between the costs of the simulation and estimated costs of corresponding field tests substantiates the economical benefits of the simulation.
Technical Paper

The Impact of Different ABS-Philosophies on the Directional Behavior of Commercial Vehicles

During the most recent past, contributions to anti-lock systems have been continuously published reflecting on the multi-functional significance of these systems only in a limited way. It seems essential therefore, to compare the primary criteria of functionality to the costs precisely. The technical solutions carried into effect during the past and the present orientated towards variously different criteria of optimization. The paper illustrates the particularities of the different control systems, like 2-, 4-and 6-channel systems with Individual Control, Select-Low Control or Modified Individual Control. The impact of the various ABS-philosophies on the directional control of heavy commercial vehicles will be analyzed, using driving maneuvers like “straight-ahead braking” or “braking in a turn” on homogeneous and split adhesion road surfaces.