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Technical Paper

An Analysis on Heat Loss of a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine by Wall-Impinged Spray Flame Observation

Impingement of a spray flame on the periphery of the piston cavity strongly affects heat loss to the wall. The heat release rate history is also closely correlated with the indicated thermal efficiency. For further thermal efficiency improvement, it is thus necessary to understand such phenomena in state of the art diesel engines, by observation of the actual behavior of an impinging spray flame and measurement of the local temperature and flow velocity. A top-view optically accessible engine system, for which flame impingement to the cavity wall can be observed from the top (vertically), was equipped with a high speed digital camera for direct observation. Once the flame impinged on the wall, flame tip temperature decreased roughly 100K, compared to the temperature before impingement.
Technical Paper

Effects of Multi-Hole Nozzle with Throttle Construction on Diesel Combustion and Emissions with High-Pressure Fuel Injection

The effects of a multi-hole nozzle with throttle construction (NTC) on combustion and emissions were investigated at high pressure fuel injection conditions. The throttle area was larger than the total injector hole area, therefore its fuel flow quantity was about the same as the standard nozzle under steady flow conditions. But the initial fuel injection rate was lower under unsteady flow conditions and smoke emissions were improved with the NTC. It is postulated that these effects were due to fuel flow turbulence inside the nozzle during the time of needle valve lift.