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Technical Paper

Influence of Contamination between Clutch Release Bearing and Sliding Tube on the Clutch Pedal Hysteresis

In recent years vehicle ergonomists have begun dedicating effort towards the study of human motion in the vehicle regarding moving comfort when using commands such as the steering wheel, gear shift and pedals. Correlation between subjective responses of human comfort and the maximum force achieved during the end-of-travel impact and the average slope of the force-displacement curve during the initial disengagement phase is difficult [1]. When end customers complain about clutch pedal actuation comfort, car salesmen and automakers change the entire clutch system, including pressure plate, clutch disc and clutch release bearing (CRB) to solve the problem and the suspicious root cause lies on the CRB. In most cases, previous analyses showed bearing still functional but strong contamination inside the bell housing, on the clutch and between the CRB with plastic housing and the sliding tube.
Technical Paper

Influence of Operating Parameters in Grease Loss of Rolling Bearing

The main purpose of the lubrication in the rolling bearing is to avoid and to reduce the metal to metal contact, thus it is possible to reduce the friction and to prevent the wear between the balls and the raceways. Consequently, the rolling bearing should work with grease or oil inside to guarantee an oil film between the balls and the raceways, thus this grease should stay inside the bearing. To avoid the grease loss the bearing normally may have a sealing but even so a little grease loss can occur. Hence the present investigation was initiated because of the need to understand a grease loss and the basic parameter that has influence on this. To help the elaboration of the experimental tests was used a DOE technique, thus it was possible to determinate simultaneously the individual and interactive effects of many factors that affect in the grease loss.
Technical Paper

Self-Heating Test to Evaluate Temperature Stabilization in the Rolling Bearing

Heating generation in rolling bearings is a critical point for development and application, specially for heavy trucks. Several problems can occur in the rolling bearing and in the system when the temperature increases. For example, at high temperature levels the rubber sealing can change its proprieties and volume, creating a high interference at the contact with the rings. The grease can also be affected and modify its viscosity, generating a possible leakage, which is not allowed during life. This papers aims to study the heat generation and evaluate, experimentally, the temperature stabilization in clutch release bearings for heavy duty application. With this purpose, several tests were performed and the results were analyzed to find the main factors that can be influenced.
Technical Paper

Study of the Swelling in Lip Seal Application

There are large numbers of variables that affect seal performance, for example, temperature, grease and dusty. This paper aims the study one of these variables, the swelling. Swelling is the absorption of the liquid by the rubber and this liquid absorption can deeply alter physical and chemical properties and hence change tensile strength, extensibility and hardness of the rubber. A review about seal and the characteristics of the seal performance will be made and also a study about what this phenomenon affects the seal performance. Thus the purpose of the present paper is to develop the conception of swelling by investigating the characteristics of swelling deformation.
Technical Paper

Transient Multi-Level Elastohydrodynamic Point Contact Algorithm Experimental Validation

One of the great challenges of engineering teams nowadays is to overcome long and costly project experimentation phases. One effective way of decreasing such project demands is to come up with a firsthand prototype with high success probability. In order to do so, the project team should rely on robust numerical models, which can represent most of the real-life product behaviors, for instance system dynamics. For rolling element bearings, such dynamic models have to consider the dynamic interactions between its components, i.e., rolling elements and raceways. The only vibration transmitting points on rolling element bearings are the lubricated contacts. Therefore, in order to represent the full bearing dynamic behavior on a numerical model, an efficient transient contact model, which depicts the actual contact behavior, is fundamental.