Development of Aluminum Wire for Low-Voltage Automotive Wiring Harnesses
From the viewpoint of reducing the environmental impacts by automobile emission, improving fuel efficiency is essential. That is why automobiles need to be lightened. However, more and more electrical systems have been necessary in an automobile to ensure safety and comfort. With the increase in the number of electrical systems, the weight of Electrical Distribution System (EDS) also has become increased. In order to reduce the weight of EDS, it was decided to evaluate a change of material from copper to aluminum. In fact, aluminum wires have been used for high-voltage wires, but they have almost never been used for low-voltage wires. SUMITOMO ELECTRIC GROUP developed an aluminum wire that is available for low-voltage wire harnesses and started mass production of the wire from October 2010. In this paper, I'm reporting mainly on our development of a new aluminum alloy that can be used for aluminum wires.