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Technical Paper

A Hybrid Method for Vehicle Axle Noise Simulation with Experimental Validation

Recently, many authors have attempted to represent an automobile body in terms of experimentally derived frequency response functions (FRFs), and to couple the FRFs with a FEA model of chassis for performing a total system dynamic analysis. This method is called Hybrid FEA-Experimental FRF method, or briefly HYFEX. However, in cases where the chassis model does not include the bushing models, one can not directly connect the FRFs of the auto body to the chassis model for performing a total system dynamic analysis. In other cases when the chassis model includes the bushings, the bushing dynamic rates are modeled as constant stiffness rather than frequency dependent stiffness, the direct use of the HYFEX method will yield unsatisfactory results. This paper describes how the FRF's of the auto body and the frequency dependent stiffness data of the bushings can be combined with an appropriate mathematical formulation to better represent the dynamic characteristics of a full vehicle.
Technical Paper

Development of an Experimental FRF-Based Substructuring Model to Forward Predict the Effects of Beam Axle Design Modifications on Passenger Vehicle Axle Whine

This paper describes the process used to develop an experimental model with forward prediction capabilities for passenger vehicle axle whine performance, focusing initially on beam axle design modifications. This process explains how experimental Transfer Path Analysis (TPA), Running Modes Analysis (RMA) and Modal Analysis were used along with an experimental FRF-Based Substructuring (FBS) model. The objective of FBS techniques is to predict the dynamic behavior of complex structures based on the dynamic properties of each component of the structure. The FBS model was created with two substructures, the body/suspension and the empty rear beam axle housing. Each step in the creation of the baseline FBS model was correlated, and the forward predictive capability was verified utilizing an experimental modification to the beam axle structure.