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Journal Article

Failure Mode and Fatigue Behavior of Ultrasonic Spot Welds with Adhesive in Lap-Shear Specimens of Magnesium and Steel Sheets

Failure modes and fatigue behaviors of ultrasonic spot welds in lap-shear specimens of magnesium AZ31B-H24 and hot-dipped-galvanized mild steel sheets with and without adhesive are investigated. Ultrasonic spot welded, adhesive-bonded, and weld-bonded lap-shear specimens were made. These lap-shear specimens were tested under quasi-static and cyclic loading conditions. The ultrasonic spot weld appears not to provide extra strength to the weld-bonded lap-shear specimen under quasi-static and cyclic loading conditions. The quasi-static and fatigue strengths of adhesive-bonded and weld-bonded lap-shear specimens appear to be the same. For the ultrasonic spot welded lap-shear specimens, the optical micrographs indicate that failure mode changes from the partial nugget pullout mode under quasi-static and low-cycle loading conditions to the kinked crack growth mode under high-cycle loading conditions.
Journal Article

Fatigue Behavior of Self-Piercing Rivets and Clinch Joints in Lap-Shear Specimens of Aluminum Sheets

Fatigue behavior of self-piercing rivets (SPRs) and clinch joints in lap-shear specimens of 6111-T4 aluminum sheets is investigated based on experimental observations and a fatigue life estimation model. Lap-shear specimens with SRPs and clinch joints were tested under cyclic loading conditions. Under cyclic loading conditions, fatigue cracks start from the curved interfacial surface of the upper sheet and then grow into the upper sheet thickness for both self-piercing rivets and clinch joints. The self-piercing rivets and clinch joints fail finally through the circumferential/transverse crack growth in the upper sheets and inner button crack growth, respectively. The structural stress solution and the experimental stress-life data for aluminum 6111-T4 sheets are adopted to estimate the fatigue lives of both types of joints. The fatigue life estimations based on the structural stress model show good agreement with the experimental results.