A Turbulent Combustion Model for a Stratified Charged, Spark Ignited Internal Combustion Engine
A turbulent combustion model is described for SI engines with large variations in mixture strength. The model is for a single gas phase fluid at high Reynolds number and treats combustion in the laminar flamelet regime, which is characterized by high Damkholer and low Karlovitz numbers. An assumed probability density function (pdf) approach is used to extract expressions for mean quantities of interest, which are parameterized on the progress variable and mixture fraction variables. A double delta function pdf is used for the reaction progress variable and a beta function pdf is used for the mixture fraction. The reaction rate term in the progress variable equation is closed using an algebraic expression, which incorporates the effects of mixture strength, pressure and temperature on laminar flame speed. The model is implemented in two versions of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code.