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Technical Paper

Energy-Efficient Traction Induction Machine Control

2019-04-02
2019-01-0598
The article solves the problem of increasing the energy efficiency of the traction electric drive in the low load conditions. The set objective is achieved by analogy with internal combustion engines by decreasing the consumed energy using the amplitude control of the three-phase voltage of the induction machine. The basis of the amplitude control is laid by the constancy criterion of the overload capacity with respect to the electromagnetic torque, which provides a reliable reserve from a "breakdown" of the induction machine mode in a wide range of speeds and loads. The control system of the traction electric drive contains a reference model of electromechanical energy conversion represented by the generalized equations of the instantaneous balance of the active and reactive power and the mechanical load. The induction machine is controlled by two adaptive variables: the electromagnetic torque and the voltage amplitude.
Technical Paper

Hydrogen-Diesel Engine: Problems and Prospects of Improving the Working Process

2019-04-02
2019-01-0541
The diesel engine with direct injection of hydrogen gas has clear advantages over the hydrogen engine with forced ignition of a hydrogen-air mixture. Despite of this, the concept of hydrogen-diesel engine has not investigated until now. In the paper, a detailed study of the working process of hydrogen-diesel engine carried out for the first time. Based on the results of the experimental studies and mathematical modeling, it has established that the behavior of thermo-physical processes in the combustion chamber of hydrogen-diesel engine, in a number of cases, differs fundamentally from the processes that take place in the conventional diesel engines. There have been identified the reasons for their difference and determined the values of the operating cycle parameters of hydrogen diesel engine, which provide the optimal correlation between the indicator values and the environmental performance.
Technical Paper

Line Voltage Control of Induction Motor for Increase Its Efficiency in Stable Area

2018-09-10
2018-01-1830
Regular induction motors operate at a constant value of voltage. They operate from zero external load to rated value. At low loads, motors works with reserve of the power. At low loads, motor can work with lower voltage, with lower current (lower power losses) and higher power factor (cos φ). In the paper, we consider theoretical basics of reduction of idle current and increase power factor in idle mode operation. We consider speed controller by changing value of motor voltage. With this controller, we can reduce idle current and increase its power factor. In addition, we consider current controller for limiting starting current by decreasing voltage during motor start, and reduction idle current with improved power factor in idle steady state conditions. Voltage change includes controlled (thyristor) rectifier or pulse width modulated converter of voltage. Controllers can include speed or current feedbacks. We consider digital model of induction motor with different controllers.
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