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Technical Paper

Development of Lightweight Hanger Rods for Vehicle Exhaust Applications

Recent stringent government regulations on emission control and fuel economy drive the vehicles and their associated components and systems to the direction of lighter weight. However, the achieved lightweight must not be obtained by sacrificing other important performance requirements such as manufacturability, strength, durability, reliability, safety, noise, vibration and harshness (NVH). Additionally, cost is always a dominating factor in the lightweight design of automotive products. Therefore, a successful lightweight design can only be accomplished by better understanding the performance requirements, the potentials and limitations of the designed products, and by balancing many conflicting design parameters. The combined knowledge-based design optimization procedures and, inevitably, some trial-and-error design iterations are the practical approaches that should be adopted in the lightweight design for the automotive applications.
Technical Paper

Experimental Variance Analysis of Statistical Energy Analysis

This paper is to present a systematic study on many critical factors, such as angle of the testing panel, total scanning time of the intensity probe, source room noise level, number of microphones used in the source room, sample size, distance of the microphone in the source room, intensity probe spacer size, measurement time, and receiver room size. Additionally, three noise factors; background noise level, operator and measurement distance were also included. It were discovered that test panel angles and sample sizes were the two most dominant factors. All of above are relevant to experimental SEA or SEA validation process. The complete test results and the experience gained are presented in the paper.
Technical Paper

Integrated Brake Squeal with Induced Thermal Stress Analysis

Brake squeal is an instability issue with many parameters. This study attempts to assess the effect of thermal load on brake squeal behavior through finite element computation. The research can be divided into two parts. The first step is to analyze the thermal conditions of a brake assembly based on ANSYS Fluent. Modeling of transient temperature and thermal-structural analysis are then used in coupled thermal-mechanical analysis using complex eigenvalue methods in ANSYS Mechanical to determine the deformation and the stress established in both the disk and the pad. Thus, the influence of thermal load may be observed when using finite element methods for prediction of brake squeal propensity. A detailed finite element model of a commercial brake disc was developed and verified by experimental modal analysis and structure free-free modal analysis.
Technical Paper

Investigation and Benchmarking for Vehicle Floor Coverings

A systematic benchmarking study was performed to investigate the acoustic performance of production floor coverings (i.e. carpets) of vehicles. A larger number of passenger cars including compact, mid-size, full size, and a truck were selected. The floor coverings were removed from these vehicles and evaluated both on absorption and sound transmission loss (STL) performances. The methodology used and the experimental results are presented in this paper. It was discovered that the design of the carpet is more important than the materials used. In addition, a carpet with highest absorption does not necessarily have the best STL and vice versa. However, an optimum design could achieve high performance in both categories.
Technical Paper

Investigation and Validation of Transmission Loss for Vehicle Components with a Large Aperture

Determination of the sound transmission loss (STL) of a vehicle component that has a large aperture, such as an air exhauster or an air extraction opening, always presents a challenge to an acoustics engineer. The complexity of the aperture's physical conditions cannot be easily solved with conventional, analytical or numerical methods. A systematic study of investigating the transmission loss characteristics of the large aperture is presented in this paper. Both conventional potential noise reduction predictions of large apertures and SEA simulations were performed. Transmission losses with different acoustic treatments were measured and predicted when using AutoSEA2. Finally, correlation between measured results and predications were developed. The ultimate goal of this study is to reduce the costly transmission loss measurements with correlated analytical estimations