A Computer Model for Thermofluid Analysis of Engine Warm-up Process
A general purpose computer model has been developed for analyzing the thermal performance of thermofluid systems. The system thermal behaviour is governed by heat convection and conduction. The model represents a thermofluid system as a thermal network, consisting of several different fluid circuits which are separated by solid walls. The solid walls are represented by hexahedral elements with lumped heat capacitance. The model has the capability to set up and link an equivalent thermal network from input data, using two types of junctions: wall-to-wall and fluid-to-wall. The flow calculations are based on the one-dimensional incompressible flow equation and the heat transfer calculations are based on either forced or natural heat convection for internal and external flows. The heat convection formulae used in the model are in the non-dimensional form which simplifies the program structure.