Evaluating a Vehicle Climate Control System with a Passive Sensor Manikin coupled with a Thermal Comfort Model
In a previous study, a passive sensor (HVAC) manikin coupled with a human thermal model was used to predict the thermal comfort of human test participants. The manikin was positioned among the test participants while they were collectively exposed to a mild transient heat up within a thermally asymmetric chamber. Ambient conditions were measured using the HVAC manikin’s distributed sensor system, which measures air velocity, air temperature, radiant heat flux, and relative humidity. These measurements were supplied as input to a human thermal model to predict thermophysiological response and subsequently thermal sensation and comfort. The model predictions were shown to accurately reproduce the group trends and the “time to comfort” at which a transition occurred from a state of thermal discomfort to comfort. In the current study, the effectiveness of using a coupled HVAC manikin-model system to evaluate a vehicle climate control system was investigated.