A Fowler Flap System for a High-Performance General Aviation Airfoil
As part of a general aviation airfoil development program being carried out under the direction of the NASA Langley Research Center, a 30% chord Fowler flap has been developed for the GA(W)-1 airfoil.. Wind tunnel tests at Wichita State University have demonstrated a c1max value of 3.80 for 40 deg flap deflection at a Reynolds number of 2.2 × 106. Effects of flap slot geometry have been systematically tested and optimum flap settings for any flight c1 have been obtained. Modification of the reflexed lower surface contour resulted in a reduced c1max with flap nested. Vortex generators provided an increase in c1max of 0.2 for flap nested and 40 deg flap along with a drag penalty at low c1 values. Flow visualization studies show that the stalling patterns for the new airfoil are characterized by an absence of leading edge separation for both the flap-nested and the 40 deg flap cases.