Effects of Ethanol in Ester-Ethanol-Diesel Blended Fuels on Spray Behavior and PM Emission
The ethanol has potential to be a renewable alternative fuel for internal combustion engines and contributes to lower global CO2 emission. In this study, vegetable methyl ester is added in the ethanol-diesel fuel to prevent separation of the ethanol from diesel, thus the ethanol blend ratio can be set up to 30% in volume. This work pays more attention on its spray, effects of the ethanol percentage on the detailed PM components. To investigate the spray behavior of ethanol, diesel and their blends, experiments in a constant volume chamber were carried out combining numerical simulation. Properties of the ethanol-diesel blended fuels were obtained through some measurements and empirical calculations. The breakup sub-model, Wave-KH model considering the blend fuel properties were adopted in an engine simulation code KIVA-3V. The simulation had a good agreement with experiments.