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Technical Paper

Effects of Aromatic and Olefin on the Formations of PAHs in GDI Engine

In this paper, the impacts of Aromatic and Olefin on the formation of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine were experimentally and numerically investigated. The objective of this study is to describe the formation process of the soot precursors including one ring to four ring aromatics (A1-A4). In order to better understand the effects of the fuel properties on the formations of PAHs. Three types of fuels, namely base gasoline, gasoline with higher aromatics content, and gasoline with higher olefin content were experimentally studied. At the same time, these aspects were also numerically investigated in the CHEMKIN code by using premixed laminar flame model and surrogated fuels. The results show that higher aromatics content in gasoline will lead to much higher PAHs formation. Similar trend was also found in the gasoline with higher olefin content.
Technical Paper

Numerical Investigation on the Effect of Fuel Temperature on Spray Collapse and Mixture Formation Characteristics in GDI Engines

Spray atomization, spray-wall impingement, and mixture formation are key factors in affecting the particulate matter (PM) emission in gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines. Current knowledge of wall-wetting phenomenon and mixture formation are mostly based on the studies that the fuel is injected at ordinary temperature and various ambient conditions. In the real GDI engine, the fuel pipe and injector are always heated up by the pump and the engine body, especially at hot engine conditions, thus the fuel temperature is always higher than the ordinary temperature, and the relevant research is still limited. The aim of this study is to numerically investigate the spray, spray-wall impingement, and mixture formation characteristics under different fuel temperature conditions, so as to provide theoretical support in optimizing the combustion performance and further reducing the PM emission of GDI engines.
Technical Paper

Numerical Study of Gasoline Homogeneous Charge Induced Ignition (HCII) by Diesel with a Multi-Component Chemical Kinetic Mechanism

Homogeneous Charge Induced Ignition (HCII) combustion is believed to be a promising approach to achieve clean and high efficiency combustion. HCII can be realized by using port-injection of the high-volatile fuel (gasoline) to prepare in-cylinder homogeneous charge and direct injection of the high-ignitable fuel (diesel) near the top dead center to control the start of combustion. In the current study, a numerical study was carried out to understand the mixing and auto-ignition process in HCII combustion. A multicomponent chemical kinetic mechanism for gasoline and diesel, consisting of n-heptane, iso-octane, ethanol, toluene, diisobutylene and n-decane, has been developed for predicting their ignition and oxidation. The final mechanism consists of 104 species and 398 reactions. This mechanism was validated with the experimental data of ignition delay times and laminar flame speeds for each component and real transportation fuels.