A Computational Investigation of Premixed Lean Diesel Combustion - Characteristics of Fuel-Air Mixture Formation, Combustion and Emissions
The effects of fuel injection timing on fuel-air mixture formation, combustion and emissions for a PREmixed lean DIesel Combustion (PREDIC) engine has been studied numerically by the KIVA II modeling package. The software was modified with an improved autoignition and combustion submodel, which describes the formation of combustible or ignitable fuel-air mixtures by turbulent mixing, and describes four chemical reactions, including low-temperature oxidation. The results indicate that the present computational model reproduces major features of two-stage autoignition and experimentally observed trends in NO and unburned fuel emissions. The relationships among in-cylinder distributions of fuel sprays, fuel-air equivalence ratio, temperature and mass fractions of NO and unburned fuel were demonstrated by graphically imaged results. A method of fuel-air mixture characterization has been introduced and used to analyze the numerical results.