3D-1D Analyses of the Turbulent Flow Field, Burning Speed and Knock Occurrence in a Turbocharged SI Engine
CFD techniques are more and more utilized in the development of new solutions for performance improvement of internal combustion engines. Three dimensional models, in general, are able to provide detailed and sound information on engine phenomena, but often they are time consuming and hard to be implemented. On the other hand, one-dimensional models can reproduce the entire engine cycle with acceptable computational times; however they need semi-empirical correlations in order to model the flow field details and the burning speed within each cylinder. In this paper, an example of hierarchical structure of 3-D and 1-D models has been proposed. The main performances of a small turbocharged spark-ignition engine have been calculated. Variable-speed and full load operating points have been analyzed. The 3-D model provided the details of the in-cylinder flow field and turbulent indices.