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Standard

Force and Moment Test Method

2020-06-19
CURRENT
J1987_202006
This SAE Recommended Practice describes the determination of passenger car and light truck tire force and moment properties on a belt-type flat surface test machine. It is suitable for accurately determining five tire forces and moments in steady-state under free-rolling conditions as a function of slip angle and normal force which are incrementally changed in a given sequence.
Standard

Force and Moment Test Method

1998-01-01
HISTORICAL
J1987_199801
This SAE Recommended Practice describes the determination of passenger car and light truck tire force and moment properties on a belt-type flat surface test machine. It is suitable for accurately determining five tire forces and moments in steady-state under free-rolling conditions as a function of slip angle and normal force which are incrementally changed in a given sequence.
Standard

Laboratory Testing Machines and Procedures for Measuring the Steady State Force and Moment Properties of Passenger Car Tires

2012-08-31
CURRENT
J1107_201208
This Information Report presents background and rationale for SAE Recommended Practice J1106, Laboratory Testing Machine and Procedures for Measuring the Steady Force and Moment Properties of Passenger Car Tires. The purpose of SAE J1106 is to define standards for equipment design and test procedures so that data from different laboratories can be directly compared. Whereas such standardization is not a requirement for testing associated with tire development, it is necessary in the context of vehicle design and tire selection problems. The basic approach employed in developing SAE J1106 was to consolidate and document existing technology as embodied in equipment and procedures currently employed for routine tire evaluations. Equipment and procedures whose current use is restricted to research applications were not considered. Research experience is discussed in this Information Report, however, to the extent deemed necessary to provide background and rationale for SAE J1106.
Standard

Measurement of Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tire Rolling Resistance

1984-06-01
HISTORICAL
J1270_198406
Basic Methods--The force, torque, and power methods of measurement are all in common use and should yield the same test results. Effects of steering, traction, surface texture, and non-steady-state tire operations are excluded from the recommended practice because they are still in the research stage. Force Method--The chief advantage of the force method is that the only parasitic losses in the measurement are tire spindle bearing losses and aerodynamic losses associated with rotation of the tire and its wheel. The main disadvantage of this method is that the spindle force measured can contain a severe error caused by load misalignment and load-spindle force interaction ("crosstalk"). Elimination or compensation of these effects is necessary. A minor disadvantage is that the loaded radius of the tire must be measured in order to convert spindle force to rolling resistance.
Standard

Measurement of Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tire Rolling Resistance

1985-11-01
HISTORICAL
J1270_198511
Basic Methods--The force, torque, and power methods of measurement are all in common use and should yield the same test results. Effects of steering, traction, surface texture, and non-steady-state tire operations are excluded from the recommended practice because they are still in the research stage. Force Method--The chief advantage of the force method is that the only parasitic losses in the measurement are tire spindle bearing losses and aerodynamic losses associated with rotation of the tire and its wheel. The main disadvantage of this method is that the spindle force measured can contain a severe error caused by load misalignment and load-spindle force interaction ("crosstalk"). Elimination or compensation of these effects is necessary. A minor disadvantage is that the loaded radius of the tire must be measured in order to convert spindle force to rolling resistance.
Standard

Measurement of Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tire Rolling Resistance

2000-09-12
HISTORICAL
J1270_200009
Basic Methods--The force, torque, and power methods of measurement are all in common use and should yield the same test results. Effects of steering, traction, surface texture, and non-steady-state tire operations are excluded from the recommended practice because they are still in the research stage. Force Method--The chief advantage of the force method is that the only parasitic losses in the measurement are tire spindle bearing losses and aerodynamic losses associated with rotation of the tire and its wheel. The main disadvantage of this method is that the spindle force measured can contain a severe error caused by load misalignment and load-spindle force interaction ("crosstalk"). Elimination or compensation of these effects is necessary. A minor disadvantage is that the loaded radius of the tire must be measured in order to convert spindle force to rolling resistance.
Standard

Passenger Car and Light Truck Tire Dynamic Driving Traction in Snow

1985-10-01
HISTORICAL
J1466_198510
This SAE Recommended Practice defines the best known techniques for evaluating dynamic passenger car and light truck tire driving traction in snow. There are many snow conditions which a typical driver will encounter that are not specifically addressed in this Recommended Practice. Dynamic driving traction in this Recommended Practice is under a narrow, controlled range of conditions of temperature, snow compaction and depth (commonly called the 'Test Window') to minimize test variability. Tire rankings may differ on other types of snow and ice conditions.
Standard

Passenger Car and Light Truck Tire Dynamic Driving Traction in Snow

2001-04-12
CURRENT
J1466_200102
This SAE Recommended Practice defines the best known techniques for evaluating dynamic passenger car and light truck tire driving traction in snow. There are many snow conditions which a typical driver will encounter that are not specifically addressed in this Recommended Practice. Dynamic driving traction in this Recommended Practice is under a narrow, controlled range of conditions of temperature, snow compaction and depth (commonly called the 'Test Window') to minimize test variability. Tire rankings may differ on other types of snow and ice conditions.
Standard

Passenger and Light Truck Tire Traction Device Profile Determination and Classification

2000-09-12
HISTORICAL
J1232_200009
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to set up a guide as to body, frame, and wheelhouse clearances required to accommodate tire traction devices (e.g., tire chains), and to provide a means of classifying these devices according to their maximum profile. In addition, it enables the vehicle manufacturer to specify the proper traction devices for each vehicle. This report is intended to apply to passenger cars and light trucks up to 4535 kg (10 001 lb) GVW. This document is not to be construed as approving traction device operation at conditions exceeding manufacturer's specifications, although short periods of such operations may be required for test purposes.
Standard

Passenger and Light Truck Tire Traction Device Profile Determination and Classification

2020-03-11
CURRENT
J1232_202003
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to set up a guide as to body, frame, and wheelhouse clearances required to accommodate tire traction devices (e.g., tire chains), and to provide a means of classifying these devices according to their maximum profile. In addition, it enables the vehicle manufacturer to specify the proper traction devices for each vehicle. This report is intended to apply to passenger cars and light trucks up to 4535 kg (10 001 lb) GVW. This document is not to be construed as approving traction device operation at conditions exceeding manufacturer's specifications, although short periods of such operations may be required for test purposes.
Standard

Rolling Resistance Measurement Procedure for Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tires

1985-11-01
HISTORICAL
J1269_198511
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the laboratory measurement of rolling resistance of pneumatic passenger car and light truck tires. The procedure applies only to the steady-state operation of free-rolling tires at zero slip and inclination angles; it includes the following three basic methods: Force Method--Measures the reaction force at the tire spindle and converts it to rolling resistance. Torque Method--Measures the torque input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance. Power Method--Measures the power input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance.
Standard

Rolling Resistance Measurement Procedure for Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tires

1984-06-01
HISTORICAL
J1269_198406
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the laboratory measurement of rolling resistance of pneumatic passenger car, light truck, and highway truck and bus tires. The procedure applies only to the steady-state operation of free-rolling tires at zero slip and inclination angles; it includes the following three basic methods: Force Method--Measures the reaction force at the tire spindle and converts it to rolling resistance. Torque Method--Measures the torque input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance. Power Method--Measures the power input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance.
Standard

Rolling Resistance Measurement Procedure for Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tires

1987-03-01
HISTORICAL
J1269_198703
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the laboratory measurement of rolling resistance of pneumatic passenger car, light truck, and highway truck and bus tires. The procedure applies only to the steady-state operation of free-rolling tires at zero slip and inclination angles; it includes the following three basic methods: Force Method--Measures the reaction force at the tire spindle and converts it to rolling resistance. Torque Method--Measures the torque input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance. Power Method--Measures the power input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance.
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