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Standard

BODY CORROSION—A COMPREHENSIVE INTRODUCTION

1993-11-01
HISTORICAL
J1617_199311
The mechanism of automotive body corrosion is scientific, based on established laws of chemistry and physics. Yet there are many opinions related to the cause of body corrosion, not always based on scientific axioms. The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to present a basic understanding of the types of body corrosion, the factors that contribute to body corrosion, the testing procedures, evaluation of corrosion performance, and glossary of related terms.
Standard

Ball Joints

2012-10-15
CURRENT
J490_201210
This SAE Standard covers the general and dimensional data for various types of ball joints with inch threads commonly used on control linkages in automotive, marine, and construction and industrial equipment applications. Inasmuch as the load carrying and wear capabilities of ball joints vary considerably with their design and fabrication, it is suggested that the manufacturers be consulted in regard to these features and for recommendations relating to application of the different types and styles available. The inclusion of dimensional data in this standard is not intended to imply that all the products described are stock production sizes. Consumers are requested to consult with manufacturers concerning availability of stock production parts.
Standard

Ball Stud and Socket Assembly - Test Procedures

2012-10-15
CURRENT
J193_201210
The test procedures describe a method to laboratory test suspension and steering system ball stud and/or socket assemblies for functional characteristics. This procedure is an extension of SAE J491b recommended practice on dimensional recommendations for ball studs towards a vehicle application. The tests are conducted either on ball studs individually or on complete integral assemblies representing the application.
Standard

Body Corrosion - A Comprehensive Introduction

2016-04-05
CURRENT
J1617_201604
The mechanism of automotive body corrosion is scientific, based on established laws of chemistry and physics. Yet there are many opinions related to the cause of body corrosion, not always based on scientific axioms. The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to present a basic understanding of the types of body corrosion, the factors that contribute to body corrosion, the testing procedures, evaluation of corrosion performance, and glossary of related terms.
Standard

Decorative Anodizing Specification for Automotive Applications

2013-03-28
CURRENT
J1974_201303
This SAE Recommended Practice is aimed at ensuring high-quality products of anodized aluminum automotive components in terms of durability and appearance. Decorative sulfuric acid anodizing has been well developed over the last several decades in the aluminum industry. Exterior and interior performance demonstrated that parts processed to this document meet long-term durability requirements. Since the treatment of processing variables is outside the scope of this document, it is important for applicators of this coating to develop an intimate knowledge of their process, and control all parameters that affect the quality of the end product. The use of techniques such as statistical process control (SPC), capability studies, design of experiments, process optimization, etc., are critical to produce material of consistently high quality.
Standard

Electroplating of Nickel and Chromium on Metal Parts - Automotive Ornamentation and Hardware

2012-05-11
CURRENT
J207_201205
This standard covers requirements for several types and grades of electrodeposited nickel/chromium coatings on ferrous or copper alloy basis metals and copper/nickel/chromium on zinc or aluminum alloys for the finishing and corrosion protection of decorative ornamentation and hardware of motor vehicles and marine controls and fittings. Four grades of coatings are provided to correlate with the service conditions under which each is expected to provide satisfactory performance, namely: very severe, severe, moderate, and mild. Definitions and typical examples of these service conditions are provided in Appendix A.1 Information contained in this document generally conforms to the information contained in ASTM B 456, Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Nickel plus Chromium.
Standard

GUIDELINES FOR LABORATORY CYCLIC CORROSION TEST PROCEDURES FOR PAINTED AUTOMOTIVE PARTS

1993-10-13
HISTORICAL
J1563_199310
These guidelines are intended for those engineers and scientists who evaluate the corrosion performance of painted automotive parts in laboratory cyclic tests. The guidelines are intended to help ensure that the results of the tests can be used to reach conclusions concerning the variables under study without being confounded by the test procedure itself. The guidelines also serve as a means to assist users of this type of test in obtaining good inter-laboratory agreement of results.
Standard

Guidelines for Laboratory Cyclic Corrosion Test Procedures for Painted Automotive Parts

2016-04-05
CURRENT
J1563_201604
These guidelines are intended for those engineers and scientists who evaluate the corrosion performance of painted automotive parts in laboratory cyclic tests. The guidelines are intended to help ensure that the results of the tests can be used to reach conclusions concerning the variables under study without being confounded by the test procedure itself. The guidelines also serve as a means to assist users of this type of test in obtaining good inter-laboratory agreement of results.
Standard

Helical Compression and Extension Spring Terminology

2016-08-02
CURRENT
J1121_201608
The following recommended practice has been developed to assist engineers and designers in the preparation of specifications for the major types of helical compression and extension springs. It is restricted to a concise presentation of items which will promote an adequate understanding between spring manufacturer and spring user of the major practical requirements in the finished spring. Closer tolerances are obtainable where greater accuracy is required and the increased cost is justified. For the basic concepts underlying the spring design and for many of the details, see the SAE Information Report MANUAL ON DESIGN AND APPLICATION OF HELICAL AND SPIRAL SPRINGS, SAE HS 795, which is available from SAE Headquarters in Warrendale, PA 15096. A uniform method for specifying design information is shown in the TYPICAL DESIGN CHECK LISTS FOR HELICAL SPRINGS, SAE J1122.
Standard

Helical Compression and Extension Spring Terminology

2006-09-12
HISTORICAL
J1121_200609
The following recommended practice has been developed to assist engineers and designers in the preparation of specifications for the major types of helical compression and extension springs. It is restricted to a concise presentation of items which will promote an adequate understanding between spring manufacturer and spring user of the major practical requirements in the finished spring. Closer tolerances are obtainable where greater accuracy is required and the increased cost is justified. For the basic concepts underlying the spring design and for many of the details, see the SAE Information Report MANUAL ON DESIGN AND APPLICATION OF HELICAL AND SPIRAL SPRINGS, SAE HS 795, which is available from SAE Headquarters in Warrendale, PA 15096. A uniform method for specifying design information is shown in the TYPICAL DESIGN CHECK LISTS FOR HELICAL SPRINGS, SAE J1122.
Standard

Laboratory Corrosion/Fatigue Testing of Vehicle Suspension Coil Springs

2007-06-15
HISTORICAL
J2800_200706
This lab test procedure should be used when evaluating the combined corrosion and fatigue performance for a particular coating system, substrate, process and design. The test is intended to provide an A to B comparison of a proposed coil spring design versus an existing field validated coil spring when subjected to the combined effects of corrosion and fatigue. The corrosion mechanisms covered by this test include general, cosmetic and pitting corrosion. Fatigue testing covers the maximum design stress and/or stress range of the coil spring design (typically defined as excursion from jounce to rebound positions in a vehicle). The effects of gravel and heat are simulated by pre-conditioning the springs prior to fatigue testing. Time dependant corrosion mechanisms such as stress corrosion cracking are not addressed with this test.
Standard

Laboratory Corrosion/Fatigue Testing of Vehicle Suspension Coil Springs

2016-04-01
CURRENT
J2800_201604
This lab test procedure should be used when evaluating the combined corrosion and fatigue performance for a particular coating system, substrate, process and design. The test is intended to provide an A to B comparison of a proposed coil spring design versus an existing field validated coil spring when subjected to the combined effects of corrosion and fatigue. The corrosion mechanisms covered by this test include general, cosmetic and pitting corrosion. Fatigue testing covers the maximum design stress and/or stress range of the coil spring design (typically defined as excursion from jounce to rebound positions in a vehicle). The effects of gravel and heat are simulated by pre-conditioning the springs prior to fatigue testing. Time dependant corrosion mechanisms such as stress corrosion cracking are not addressed with this test.
Standard

Laboratory Cyclic Corrosion Test

2016-04-05
CURRENT
J2334_201604
The SAE J2334 lab test procedure should be used when determining corrosion performance for a particular coating system, substrate, process, or design. Since it is a field-correlated test, it can be used as a validation tool as well as a development tool. If corrosion mechanisms other than cosmetic or general corrosion are to be examined using this test, field correlation must be established.
Standard

Laboratory Cyclic Corrosion Test

2003-12-01
HISTORICAL
J2334_200312
The SAE J2334 lab test procedure should be used when determining corrosion performance for a particular coating system, substrate, process, or design. Since it is a field-correlated test, it can be used as a validation tool as well as a development tool. If corrosion mechanisms other than cosmetic or general corrosion are to be examined using this test, field correlation must be established.
Standard

Metric Ball Joints

2012-10-15
CURRENT
J2213_201210
This SAE Standard covers the general and dimensional data for industrial quality ball joints commonly used on control linkages in metric automotive, marine, construction, and industrial equipment applications.
Standard

Metric Spherical Rod Ends

2012-10-15
CURRENT
J1259_201210
This SAE Standard covers the general and dimensional data for industrial quality spherical rod ends commonly used on control linkages in metric automotive, marine, construction, and industrial equipment applications. The rod ends described are available from several manufacturers within the range of the interchangeable specifications. The sliding contact spherical self-aligning bearing members (ball and socket) are available in a variety of materials in the types shown. The load capacities and wear capabilities vary considerably with the design and fabrication. It is suggested that the manufacturers be consulted for recommendations for the type and design appropriate to particular applications.
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