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Technical Paper

A Data Reduction Algorithm for Automotive Multiplexing

Automotive multiplexing allows sharing information among various intelligent modules inside an automotive electronic system. In order to achieve an optimum functionality, the information should be exchanged among various electronic modules in real time. New features are introduced in automobiles such as Intelligent Vehicle Highway System (IVHS), intelligent transportation support system, engine immobilizers, night vision assistance system, and automated collision avoidance and notification system. The inclusion of such features increases the data traffic over the multiplexing bus. Also, these features require very high speed and expensive bus. Data reduction techniques are used to send the data over a transmission media at high speed. Using the data reduction techniques, we will be able to include new features in automobiles without the need of a high speed bus. Since the automotive environment is different, a special data reduction algorithm is mandated.
Technical Paper

Improving Safety in the Next Generation Vehicle Network (NGVN)

Over 42,000 deaths have occurred on highways in the United States during calendar year 2002 [1]. One way to achieve a safe highway environment is using a communication system that allows all vehicles on the highway or road to share their data so they can warn each other about dangerous situations and plan for safe driving activities. One problem to be addressed in such a system is dividing the vehicles on the highway into groups-of-interest, where vehicles that may need cooperation among each other to perform safe driving maneuvers comprise a group-of-interest. This paper proposes a location matrix-based algorithm to define the peer space (group-of-interest); that is, vehicles on the highway are encapsulated in matrices, and all maneuvers are planned in a cellular fashion using the Dynamic Service Discovery (DSD) -based Jini protocol as an ad-hoc network communication protocol.
Technical Paper

Next Generation Vehicle Network (NGVN): Performance Analysis of Dynamic Discovery Service Protocol Utilized for Internet Access

In the near future, vehicles are expected to become a part of the Internet, either as a terminal in a mobile network, as a network node, or as a moving sensor (providing environmental information, cars status, streaming video, etc.) or a combination of the three. This is partly due to the steadily growing interest of vehicles' passengers in location-based information. Drivers and passengers that would want to receive information about traffic jams or accidents in their vicinity will likely be interested in accessing Internet services from within the vehicular network. Access can be gained by using roadside installed Internet Gateways (IGs), which are able to communicate with the vehicles. When the car network is connected to the Internet, it is important for the vehicle to detect available gateways providing access to the Internet. Therefore, a gateway discovery mechanism is required.
Technical Paper

Reliable Dynamic Discovery Service-Based JINI for the Next Generation Vehicle Network

Vehicles are becoming part of the Internet, either as a terminal in a mobile network, as a network node or as a moving sensor (providing environmental, car status or video information). Interest of vehicles' passengers in location-based information is steadily growing. Moreover drivers and passengers may like to receive information about traffic jams or accidents in their vicinity, or chat with other vehicle's passengers. Enabling communication among automobile nodes (cars) is not a straightforward task. Such nodes form an extremely dynamic ad hoc network, and this presents some technical challenges. One essential characteristic of such networks is that the available services are in principle unknown to a node. A Dynamic Discovery Service (DDS) protocol to discover nodes is needed.