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Technical Paper

Time-Resolved Nature of Exhaust Gas Emissions and Piston Wall Temperature Under Transient Operation in a Small Diesel Engine

Diesel combustion and exhaust gas emissions under transient operation (when fuel amounts abruptly increased) were investigated under a wide range of operating conditions with a newly developed gas sampling system. The relation between gas emissions and piston wall temperatures was also investigated. The results indicated that after the start of acceleration NOx, THC and smoke showed transient behaviors before reaching the steady state condition. Of the three gases, THC was most affected by piston wall temperature; its concentration decreased as the wall temperature increased throughout the acceleration except immediately after the start of acceleration. The number of cycles, at which gas concentrations reach the steady-state value after the start of acceleration, were about 1.2 times the cycle constant of the piston wall temperature for THC, and 2.3 times for smoke.
Technical Paper

Transient Control Technology of Spark Assisted HCCI

Amidst the rising demand to reduce CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions in recent years, gasoline homogeneous-charge compression ignition (HCCI) has gained attention as a technology that achieves both low NOx emissions and high thermal efficiency by means of lean combustion. However, gasoline HCCI has low robustness toward intracylinder temperature variations, therefore the problems of knocking and misfiring tend to occur during transient operation. The authors verified the transient operation control of HCCI by using a 4-stroke natural aspiration (NA) gasoline engine provided with direct injection (DI) and a variable valve timing and a lift electronic control system (VTEC) for intake air and exhaust optimized for HCCI combustion. This report describes stoichiometry spark ignition (SI) to which external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) was introduced, HCCI ignition switch control, and changes in the load and number of engine revolutions in the HCCI region.