A Quick Warm-Up System During Engine Start-Up Period Using Adaptive Control of Intake Air and Ignition Timing
Early activation of catalyst by quickly raising the temperature of the catalyst is effective in reducing exhaust gas during cold starts. One such technique of early activation of the catalyst by raising the exhaust temperature through substantial retardation of the ignition timing is well known. The present research focuses on the realization of quick warm-up of the catalyst by using a method in which the engine is fed with a large volume of air by feedforward control and the engine speed is controlled by retarding the ignition timing. In addition, an intake air flow control method that comprises a flow rate correction using an adaptive sliding mode controller and learning of flow rate correction coefficient has been devised to prevent control degradation because of variation in the flow rate or aging of the air device. The paper describes the methods and techniques involed in the implementation of a quick warm-up system with improved adaptability.