Automatic Transmission and Driveline Fluids*
This paper provides an overview of driveline fluids, in particular automatic transmission fluids (ATFs), and is intended to be a general reference for those working with such fluids. Included are an introduction to driveline fluids, highlighting what sets them apart from other lubricants, a history of ATF development, a description of key physical ATF properties and a comparison of ATF fluid specifications. Also included are descriptions of the chemical composition of such fluids and the commonly used basestocks. A section is included on how to evaluate used driveline oils, describing common test methods and some comments on interpreting the test results. Finally the future direction of driveline fluid development is discussed. A glossary of terms is included at the end.