Comparison of CNG and Gasoline Vehicle Exhaust Emissions: Mass and Composition - The Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program
Exhaust emissions of three vehicles fueled with compressed natural gas (CNG) were compared with emissions of three counterpart gasoline vehicles. The natural gas vehicles were tested on four CNG fuels covering a wide range of pipeline natural gas compositions. The gasoline vehicles were tested on AQIRP Industry Average gasoline and a reformulated gasoline meeting California 1996 regulatory requirements. Nonmethane hydrocarbon (NMHC) and toxic air pollutant emissions of the CNG vehicles were about one-tenth those of their counterpart gasoline vehicles, while methane emissions were about ten times those of the gasoline vehicles. Carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions were more variable among the three vehicle pairs. CO emissions ranged from 20 to 80% lower with CNG than with gasoline, and NOx ranged from 80% lower with CNG to equivalent to gasoline.