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A Vertical Empire: The History of the UK Rocket and Space Programme, 1950-1971

2004-01-01
A Vertical Empire provides a description of the British rocketry and space programme from the 1950s to 1970s, detailing the Medium Range Ballistic Missile Blue Streak and its conversion to a satellite launcher as part of the European Launcher Development Organisation (ELDO). This extensively revised second edition includes material only made available in the past ten years and the text is supplemented by numerous photographs, sketches and statistics. The all-British satellite Black Arrow is described, as well as the research rocket Black Knight, the Blue Steel missile and the rocket powered interceptor aircraft. Contents: Rocket Motors Rocket Interceptors Blue Steel Blue Streak - The Origins Blue Streak - The 'Underground Launcher' Blue Streak - The Cancellation B S S L V The European Launcher Development Organisation - ELDO Europa Black Knight Black Knight and the Re-Entry Experiments Black Arrow The 'Might Have Beens'
Book

Adhesive Joining of Structural Components: New Insights and Technologies

2018-08-09
Adhesive bonding has been used in the manufacture of primary aircraft fuselage and wing structures by various constructors since 1945. By a proper design, adhesive bonding often helps in designing structures mechanically equivalent to or even stronger than conventional assemblies. Adhesive Joining of Structural Components: New Insights and Technologies introduces the reader to some recent progress involved in adhesive joining of structural components. The chapters, seminal SAE International technical papers, cover the most recent advances in adhesive materials, surface preparation and controls, innovative bonding technologies, hybrid bonded/bolted joints, non-destructive testing and failure modelling of adhesively bonded joints. Edited by Dr.
Book

Alloying: Understanding the Basics

2001-12-01
This book is a comprehensive guide to the influence of alloy additions on mechanical properties, physical properties, corrosion and chemical behavior, and processing and manufacturing characteristics. The coverage considers “alloying” to include any addition of an element or compound that interacts with a base metal to influence properties. Information addresses the beneficial effects of major alloy additions, inoculants, dopants, grain refiners, and other elements that have been deliberately added to improve performance, as well the detrimental effects of minor elements or residual (tramp) elements included in charge materials or that result from improper melting or refining techniques. The content is presented in a concise, user-friendly format. Numerous figures and tables are provided.
Book

Aluminum Alloy Castings: Properties, Processes, and Applications

2004-12-01
This book provides property and performance data for all types of aluminum alloy castings and reviews and describes the factors that contribute to and affect those properties, including composition, microstructure, casting process, heat treatment, and quality assurance. The electronic publication features extensive collections of property and performance data, including previously unpublished aging response curves, growth curves, and fatigue curves, presented in consistent formats to enable easy comparisons among different alloys and tempers. The authors have endeavored to address all of the casting process technologies available for aluminum alloys. Engineering information is included for expendable mold, permanent mold, and pressure die casting processes and their variations. The focus of the process coverage is to review the effects of process selection and process variables on casting properties and performance.
Book

Aluminum Auto-Body Joining

2015-11-11
Fusing aluminum in a multi-material lightweight vehicle is presented via studies on joining dissimilar materials, joining methods, and the performance of the joined materials. The use of aluminum offers a material that embodies properties to meet new standards as the automotive industry continues to pursue improvements in fuel efficiency and emissions. Aluminum’s strength, light weight, and corrosion resistance offers manufacturers a material alternative to steel and an additional material, which has long been known in the industry, to be employed in automotive construction. Topics of technical interest include: • Forming • Galvanic Corrosion • Welding, Fastening, Bonding • Maximizing Weight Benefits Production of strong, lightweight structures will contribute significantly to automobile manufacturers meeting mandated fuel economy standards, as well as customer preferences for utility, comfort, and safety.
Book

Aluminum-Silicon Casting Alloys: Atlas of Microfractographs

2004-05-01
This electronic atlas provides an in-depth understanding of the metallurgy and fracture behavior of aluminum-silicon casting alloys, which are used in a wide variety of automotive, aerospace, and consumer product applications. The atlas includes over 300 high-definition microfractographs of fracture profiles and fracture surfaces, accompanied with detailed descriptions and analysis of the fracture features and their significance in the selection, processing, properties, and performance of the alloy. The microfractographs are described and classified according to criteria described in detail in the introductory chapters in the book. The factors determining the fracture mechanism in these alloys, on the basis of their physical and mechanical properties and fracture mechanics, are described and analyzed.
Book

Automotive Lightweighting Using Advanced High-Strength Steels

2014-06-13
Advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) are a family of steels that are stronger than most steels and have better formability than today’s conventional high-strength steels. New U.S. safety and fuel economy regulations have intensified pressure on OEMs to reduce vehicle weight. These pressures are causing auto companies to rethink alternative material applications and to look for opportunities that steel offers. The purpose of this book is to provide information for engineers who are designing the next generation of lighter vehicles. The material in the book is presented to help them make informed decisions on what basic materials to use and how to optimize those materials to achieve cost-effective weight reduction. The emphasis is on steels in general and AHSS in particular. However, there is much information on comparisons of steel with alternative materials for different subsystems of the vehicle.
Book

Automotive Vehicle Assembly Processes and Operations Management

2017-01-30
Proven technologies and processes are explored in this examination of modern automotive manufacturing. Fundamentals and applications, as well as new advances are discussed as the author bridges the gap between academic research and industrial practice. Having held positions as both a University Professor and as a Lead Engineering Specialist in industry, the author presents a concise understanding that reflects both technical and managerial perspectives with the aim of providing improvement through practical methods. Each chapter includes review questions and research topics, and, in addition, analysis problems are often included that comprehensively address: • Automotive Industry and Competition • Manufacturing Operations • Joining and Paint Processes • Production Operations and Quality Management • Performance Improvement Directly extracted and summarized from automotive manufacturing practices, this book serves as a fundamental manual.
Book

Biocomposites in Automotive Applications

2015-08-13
The automotive sector has taken a keen interest in lightweighting as new required performance standards for fuel economy come into place. This strategy includes parts consolidation, design optimization, and material substitution, with sustainable polymers playing a major role in reducing a vehicle’s weight. Sustainable polymers are largely biodegradable, biocompatible, and sourced from renewable plant and agricultural stocks. A facile way to enhance their properties, so they can indeed replace the ones made from fossil fuels, is by reinforcing them with fibers to make composites. Natural fibers are gaining more acceptance in the industry due to their renewable nature, low cost, low density, low energy consumption, high specific strength and stiffness, CO2 sequestration potential, biodegradability, and less wear imposed on machinery. Biocomposites then become a very feasible way to help address the fuel consumption challenge ahead of us.
Book

Care and Repair of Advanced Composites, Second Edition

2005-06-22
This second edition has been extensively updated to keep pace with the growing use of composite materials in commercial aviation. A worldwide reference for repair technicians and design engineers, the book is an outgrowth of the course syllabus that was developed by the Training Task Group of SAE's Commercial Aircraft Composite Repair Committee (CACRC) and published as SAE AIR 4938, Composite and Bonded Structure Technician Specialist Training Document. Topics new to this edition include: Nondestructive Inspection (NDI) Methods Fasteners for Composite Materials A Method for the Surface Preparation of Metals Prior to Adhesive Bonding Repair Design Although this book has been written primarily for use in aircraft repair other applications including marine and automotive are also covered.
Book

Carriages Without Horses

1993-08-01
In September 1893, little could 23-year-old mechanic J. Frank Duryea dream of the changes that would be brought about by his creation -- a frail gasoline buggy that made its debut on the streets of Springfield, Massachusetts. Charles E. and J. Frank Duryea, two brothers from rural Illinois, were the founders of the American automobile industry. The Duryea Motor Wagon company was the first company organized in the United States for the manufacture of automobiles. The attention-getting, older brother Charles demanded - and to date has received - the principal credit for these pioneering accomplishments. A bitter family feud between the brothers, which was even carried on by their families after their deaths, further muddied the question about the individual brothers' contributions. However, in Carriages Without Horses: J. Frank Duryea and the Birth of the American Automobile Industry, historian and author Richard P. Scharchburg proves that the quiet, self-effacing younger brother J.
Book

Changes in Plain Bearing Technology

2012-11-28
A unique fusion of theoretical and practical knowledge, “Changes in Plain Bearing Technology”, by Rolf Koring, covers a meaningful range of expertise in this field. Drawing from years of experience in design development, materials selection, and their correlation to real-life part failure, this title, co-published by SAE International and expert Verlag (Germany), concentrates on hydrodynamic bearings lined with whitemetals, also known as Babbits. Written under the assumption that even the most mature body of knowledge can be revisited and improved, “Changes in Plain Bearing Technology” is a courageous and focused approach to questioning accepted test results and looking at alternative material compounds, and their application suitability. The process, which leads to innovative answers on how the technology is transforming itself to respond to new market requirements, shows how interdisciplinary thinking can recognize new potential in long-established industrial modus operandi.
Book

Corrosion of Weldments

2006-12-01
Corrosion failures of industrial components are commonly associated with welding. The reasons are many and varied. For example, welding may reduce the resistance to corrosion and environmentally assisted cracking by altering composition and microstructure, modifying mechanical properties, introducing residual stress, and creating physical defects. Corrosion of Weldments details the many forms of weld corrosion and the methods used to minimize weld corrosion. Chapters on specific alloys groups—carbon and alloy steels, stainless steels, high-nickel alloys, and nonferrous alloys—describe both general welding characteristics and the metallurgical factors that influence corrosion behavior. Corrosion problems associated with dissimilar metal weldments are also examined. Special challenges caused by high-temperature environments are discussed.
Book

Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering

1996-02-01
This book provides clearly-written, easy-to-understand definitions for over 4,500 terms. In addition to covering the more traditional areas of the field, this fourth edition also defines the terminology of the rapidly advancing areas of "small size" mechanical engineering: micromachining and nanotechnology. Nomenclature used in the manufacture of composites has also been added. Extensively cross-referenced, the Dictionary is an indispensable desk reference for mechanical engineers worldwide. Co-published by SAE and Butterworth-Heinemann.
Book

Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys

2008-06-01
Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys provides thorough and systematic coverage on both basic metallurgy and the practical engineering aspects of metallic material selection and application. Coverage includes: practical information on the engineering properties and applications of steels, cast irons, nonferrous alloys, and metal matrix composites; concise overviews and practical implications of metallic structure, imperfections, deformation, and phase transformations; process metallurgy of solidification and casting, recovery, recrystallization and grain growth, precipitation hardening; mechanical deformation during processing and in-service properties of fatigue, fracture, and creep; and physical properties and corrosion.
Book

Engineering Properties of Magnesium Alloys

2017-01-01
Magnesium and magnesium alloys provide unique properties for engineering applications. Magnesium alloys are popular as a structural material because of their combination of light weight and strength. They are desirable for portable tools, appliances, electronic devices, airplanes, space vehicles, and land transportation. This book is written for engineers, scientists, teachers, and students engaged in the design process of material selection and material elimination. While focused on mechanical properties for structural design, the physical properties that are germane to corrosion behavior and electrical applications are represented. Two-thirds of the book is devoted to datasheets for individual alloys which provide a handy quick reference to specific properties and performance. The remainder of the book addresses topics common to all magnesium alloys such as the alloy designation system and product forms. Casting alloys and wrought alloys are compared.
Book

Fatigue and Fracture: Understanding the Basics

2012-11-01
This book emphasizes the physical and practical aspects of fatigue and fracture. It covers mechanical properties of materials, differences between ductile and brittle fractures, fracture mechanics, the basics of fatigue, structural joints, high temperature failures, wear, environmentally-induced failures, and steps in the failure analysis process. Separate chapters are devoted to fatigue and fracture of steels, aluminum alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, ceramics, polymers and continuous fiber polymer matrix composites.
Book

Fracture Resistance of Aluminum Alloys: Notch Toughness, Tear Resistance, and Fracture Toughness

2001-09-01
Fracture Resistance of Aluminum Alloys presents one of the most complete compendiums of notch-tensile, tear, and fracture toughness data ever compiled. Information and data are included for a wide range of aluminum alloys, tempers, and products (sheet, plate, extrusions, forgings, and castings). Typical and minimum plane-stress and plane-strain fracture toughness values are given for many high strength alloys. The effects of temperature are covered extensively, especially for the notch-tensile and tear data. Fracture data for welds as well as the parent alloys and products also are included.
Book

Gear Materials, Properties, and Manufacture

2005-09-01
This book is intended for gear metallurgists and materials specialists, manufacturing engineers, lubrication technologists, and analysts concerned with gear failures who seek a better understanding of gear performance and gear life. All of the critical technical aspects of gear materials technology are addressed. Coverage includes an overview of the various types of gears used, important gear terminology, applied stresses and strength requirements associated with gears, and lubrication and wear; in-depth treatment of metallic (ferrous and nonferrous alloys) and plastic gear materials; the properties of carburized steels, the material of choice for high-performance power transmission gearing; and the increasing use of plastics for both motion-carrying and power transmission applications is addressed.
Book

Guide to Weldability- Carbon and Low Alloy Steels

2005-01-01
Aimed at those responsible for the operation of fabrication shops and maintenance/repair facilities, this guide helps the non-welding engineer in the selection of method, materials, and procedures to produce the “desired results and stay out of trouble.” Chapters include: • The Questions (you need to ask) • Key Background Information • What Happens When You Weld • Selection of Proper Welding Filler Metal • Metallurgically-Related Weld Discontinuities (Defects) and Typical Causes • Weld Defects and Causes • Weld Examination and Testing • Postweld Treatments
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