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Alternative Fuels

With the vitality and economic growth of the U.S. being linked to affordable transportation, the use of alternative fuels is beginning to play a larger role. The use "alternative fuel" has been used to describe any fuel suggested for use in transportation vehicles other than gasoline or diesel. Since 1998, more than half of the petroleum the U.S. economy requires has been supplied by imports. In addition, the climatological and scientific community has warned that increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will cause global change. Alternative Fuels examines the accepted alternative fuels, providing historical background, physical and chemical properties, production technology, and forecasts for each fuel. Alternative transportation fuels addressed include: methanol, ethanol, propane, natural gas, biodiesel, hydrogen, and electricity. Chapters include: The Argument for Alternative Fuels Methanol Ethanol Propane Natural Gas Electricity and more

Clean Snowmobile Challenge - 1: The Early Years, 4-Stroke Engines Make Their Debut

This collection is a resource for studying the history of the evolving technologies that have contributed to snowmobiles becoming cleaner and quieter machines. Papers address design for a snowmobile using E10 gasoline (10% ethanol mixed with pump gasoline). Performance technologies that are presented include: • Engine Design: application of the four-stroke engine • Applications to address both engine and track noise • Exhaust After-treatment to reduce emissions The SAE International Clean Snowmobile Challenge (CSC) program is an engineering design competition. The program provides undergraduate and graduate students the opportunity to enhance their engineering design and project management skills by reengineering a snowmobile to reduce emissions and noise. The competition includes internal combustion engine categories that address both gasoline and diesel, as well as the zero emissions category in which range and draw bar performance are measured.

Future Automotive Fuels and Energy

This book sheds light on three essential questions: 1. What is the likely supply of gasoline and diesel from oil worldwide to power light vehicles and trucks through 2030-2035? 2. Could any other fuel economically replace gasoline? Will different parts of the world answer that question differently? 3. How will the answers to these questions affect what we engineer, make, and drive in 2030–2035? As difficult as it is to predict timing of these events, the book presents reasonable assumptions and alternative scenarios. Since a switch to alternative technologies will require substantial investment, it is critical to have a sense of when. Despite the global reach of the automotive industry, it is unlikely that a solution for one region will fit all. A more reasonable goal is a set of projected ‘ecosystems’ using differing amounts of oil, electricity, or alternative fuels. From this, automotive managers and leaders can get a sense of how to make business decisions for the future.

High-Temperature Corrosion and Materials Application

As we strive for energy efficiency, the realm of high-temperature environments is expanding and the need for information on high temperature materials applications was never greater. This electronic publication addresses concerns, technologies, and materials available for those engaged in high-temperature applications. Topics include erosion and erosion-corrosion, low NOx combustion in coal-fired boilers, fluidized bed combustion, and the special demands of waste-to-energy boilers, waste incinerators, and black liquor recovery boilers in the pulp and paper industry. The corrosion induced by liquid metals is discussed and protection options are presented. Hydrogen damage is characterized and solutions given.

Honda R&D Technical Review October 2016

Honda's October 2016 R&D Technical Review features cutting-edge developments and new ways of solving engineering problems from Honda's worldwide engineering teams. This edition brings 15 technical papers and provides featured topics that include: • Development of High-output, Portable External Power Output System • Developments for CLARITY FUEL CELL • Research on Production of Cellulosic Ethanol

Honda R&D Technical Review: April 2008

This unique book chronicles the top Honda technical developments from October 2007 through March 2008. The 25 papers included give rare insight into the Honda's worldwide R&D team, and cover automotive, motorcycle, power products, and other fundamental technologies. Full-color diagrams complement the text. Title highlights include: Development of i-VTEC Gasoline Engine for 2008 Model Year Honda FIT Removal of Grounding Cable from Hydrogen Fueling Process 2007 Model CBR1000RRW for Suzuka 8 hours World Endurance Championship Race Study of "LONG" Lighting System for Enhanced Motorcycle Conspicuity Development of High-strength Structural Steel for Welding This publication is available in both print and electronic format. The electronic format is also conveniently available for purchase in individual chapters.

Honda R&D Technical Review: April 2009

This unique book gives rare insight into the work of Honda's worldwide R&D team, covering technical developments from October 2008 through March 2009. With special focus on fuel cell vehicles, the 33 papers included also cover other automotive topics, as well as motorcycle, power products, and other fundamental technologies. Full-color diagrams complement the text. Title highlights include: New Fuel Cell Stack for FCX Clarity Development of Lithium Ion Battery System for Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology for Increased Fuel Efficiency in New INSIGHT Vaporization Characteristic of High-ethanol Gasoline (E85) and Cold Startability Development of Brake-by-Wire System for Super Sport Motorcycles Rearward Visibility Simulation System of Motorcycle Rearview Mirrors Psychological Effects of Use of Electric Scooter This publication is available in both print and electronic format. The electronic format is also conveniently available for purchase in individual chapters.

Honda R&D Technical Review: April 2013

Honda's April 2013 R&D Technical Review features cutting-edge developments from Honda's worldwide R&D teams. This edition brings 15 original papers on the introduction of new technologies, and includes 11 additional of the company's best technical papers published since October 2012. They cover advancements in the following areas: • Low-engine-speed self- ignition, • Improvements of durability for lean, • NOx reduction behavior on Iron Ion-exchanged Zeolite Catalyst for ULEV 50 • Projected texture stereo vision in sunlight • Development of Battery System for EV • Development of Battery Traceability System for EV • Introduction of Solar Hydrogen Station Installed in Japan • Development of Electric Servo Brake System

Honda R&D Technical Review: October 2012

Honda's latest technical review features cutting-edge developments from Honda's worldwide R&D team. The October 2012 volume begins with the introduction of new technologies and includes 7 of the company's best technical papers, covering advancements in fuel cell systems, aerodynamic design system development, power products, and other fundamental technologies. Chapters include: • Styling Design of New Accord, CR-V and NC700 Series • Development of NC700 Series, NSF250R Road Racer, BF250 Motor • Development of CVT for Midsize Vehicle • Development of New Manual Transmission for Middle-Torque Engine • Development of Rare Earth-saving Magnet Using Localized Diffusion Method • Development of Anti-allergenic Compound for Durability of Automotive Seat Fabric • Verification Test of High Differential Pressure Water Electrolysis-type Solar Hydrogen Station (SHS2)

Hydrogen Fuel for Surface Transportation

Hydrogen Fuel for Surface Transportation provides background information on the advantages and disadvantages of hydrogen as a fuel, describes the current state of technology of hydrogen-fueled vehicles, and discusses the future requirements of the "hydrogen economy." Each chapter also includes reprints of noteworthy articles and technical papers on the subject.

Hydrogen, The Post-Oil Fuel?

Hydrogen, energy vector for the future? Or, on the contrary, limited to its current applications in the field of chemistry and refining for decades to come, possibly even until the end of the century? There is much controversy over this issue and two sides to the argument. Advocates of the hydrogen civilization consider that, following a technological revolution hydrogen will play a universal role alongside electricity as a substitute for fossil fuels, especially (but not only) in transport, leading to radical elimination of CO2 emissions. For the skeptics, and even outspoken opponents, hydrogen will remain restricted to its current applications due to the insoluble problems inherent to its generalized use, especially in transport. This book highlights the increasing and inevitable role of "energy" hydrogen – as opposed to chemical hydrogen – in the key sectors of transport and "clean" electricity production.

Impacting Commercialization of Rapid Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEV)

Alternative propulsion technologies are becoming increasingly important with the rise of stricter regulations for vehicle efficiency, emission regulations, and concerns over the sustainability of crude oil supplies. The fuel cell is a critical component of alternative propulsion systems, and as such has many aspects to consider in its design. Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) powered by proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEFC) and fueled by hydrogen, offer the promise of zero emissions with excellent driving range of 300-400 miles, and fast refueling times; two major advantages over battery electric vehicles (BEVs). FCEVs face several remaining major challenges in order to achieve widespread and rapid commercialization. Many of the challenges, especially those from an FCEV system and subsystem cost and performance perspective are addressed in this book.