A Shock Absorber Model Using CFD Analysis and Easy5
A Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) method, combined with a dynamic modeling technique is introduced to study the flow and performance of automotive hydraulic dampers / shock absorbers. The flow characteristics of components obtained by CFD are lied to a dynamic modeling package to predict the damping force. The component CFD analysis showed unique features of flow pattern, discharge coefficients, and pressure distribution for various shock absorber components. A dynamic damper model is constructed by integrating the hydraulic system with component flow information provided by CFD. The modeling results agree with test data well. It is shown that automotive shock absorber performance can be simulated accurately without physical testing.