An Electro-Mechanical Infinitely Variable Transmission for Hybrid Electric Vehicles
An electro-mechanical variable speed transmission (eVT) is proposed for hybrid electric vehicles. The transmission is comprised of a pair of planetary gear trains interconnected with two electric machines and clutches. With on-board energy storage devices, the transmission combines, in a compact unit, independent speed-ratio control and power regulation between the engine and drive wheels. It offers a highly integrated, efficient and low cost solution to hybrid electric vehicles. Operating principles of the transmission were outlined. Virtual transmission and vehicle prototypes were built with EASY5. Simulations were conducted to evaluate its performance in context of a hybrid electric vehicle. Comparisons were made against non-hybrid vehicles equipped respectively with eVT and four-speed automatic transmission, and against the production hybrid vehicle Prius. Results showed superior performance of the proposed eVT in hybrid vehicle.