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A GUIDE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF A GROUND STATION FOR ENGINE CONDITION MONITORING

1994-02-01
HISTORICAL
AIR4175
An effective ground station is vital to the successful implementation of an EMS and is a fundamental part of the total monitoring system design. Unlike on-board processing systems which principally use data to indicate when engine maintenance is required, ground stations offer much greater processing power to analyse and manipulate EMS data more comprehensively for both maintenance and logistics purposes. This document reviews the main EMS functions and discusses the operating requirements which will determine the basic design of a ground station, including the interfaces with other maintenance or logistics systems. A brief discussion is also included on some of the more recent advances in EMS ground station technology which have been specifically developed to provide more effective diagnostic capabilities for gas turbine engines. Finally, this document addresses the program management requirements associated with the initial development and on-going support of a ground station.
Standard

A Guide to Aircraft Power Train Monitoring

2002-03-06
HISTORICAL
AIR4174
The purpose of this SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is to provide management, designers, and operators with information to assist them to decide what type of power train monitoring they desire. This document is to provide assistance in optimizing system complexity, performance and cost effectiveness. This document covers all power train elements from the point at which the gas generator energy is transferred to mechanical energy for propulsion purposes. The document covers engine power train components, their interfaces, transmissions, gearboxes, hanger bearings, shafting and associated rotating accessories, propellers and rotor systems as shown in Figure 1. This document addresses application for rotorcraft, turboprop, and propfan drive trains for both commercial and military aircraft.
Standard

A Guideline for Application of RF Photonics to Aerospace Platforms

2005-06-29
CURRENT
AIR5601
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is devoted to the challenges of applying optics to new advanced RF analog systems only; digital data link applications are covered elsewhere in protocol/architecture specific documents like Fibre Channel, ATM, Ethernet, Sonet, etc. This document has four main goals: 1 To completely cover today’s capabilities and limitations of fiber in meeting multiple types of advanced RF system requirements. 2 To discuss near term advancements being developed that will bring us closer to meeting all the capabilities of current copper coax systems. 3 To identify the benefits of fiber optics for RF systems 4 To identify challenges for future development.
Standard

A Methodology for Quantifying the Performance of an Engine Monitoring System

2005-01-05
CURRENT
AIR4985
The purpose of this SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is to present a quantitative approach for evaluating the performance and capabilities of an Engine Monitoring System (EMS). The value of such a methodology is in providing a systematic means to accomplish the following: 1 Determine the impact of an EMS on key engine supportability indices such as Fault Detection Rate, Fault Isolation Rate, Mean Time to Diagnose, In-flight Shutdowns (IFSD), Mission Aborts, and Unscheduled Engine Removals (UERs). 2 Facilitate trade studies during the design process in order to compare performance versus cost for various EMS design strategies, and 3 Define a “common language” for specifying EMS requirements and the design features of an EMS in order to reduce ambiguity and, therefore, enhance consistency between specification and implementation.
Standard

AEROSPACE - FLIGHT CONTROL ACTUATOR DISPLACEMENT - METHOD FOR COLLECTION OF DUTY CYCLE DATA

1994-02-01
HISTORICAL
ARP4895
The scope of this SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) covers acquisition of flight test data for use in developing a statistical data base of aerospace vehicle flight control surface actuator duty cycle. The statistical data base is intended for use in establishing industry guidelines and procurement specification requirements for actuator displacement duty cycle. The objective of this ARP is to provide a uniform method for the aerospace industry to collect flight control displacement type duty cycle data during demonstration and full scale development of new aircraft or during development testing of new models of existing aircraft.
Standard

AEROSPACE FLUID POWER AND CONTROL/ACTUATION SYSTEM GLOSSARY

1985-10-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1916
General terms peculiar to aerospace fluid power and control systems are defined in this glossary. Relevant terms have been excerpted from the referenced documents and included herein from the aerospace terms felt to be most useful to the ISO. This is a systems document and the only component-related terms are those significant at the systems level.
Standard

AIR CONDITIONING, HELICOPTER, GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR

1970-10-26
HISTORICAL
ARP292B
These recommendations are written to cover the general requirements of helicopter air conditioning and are sub-divided as follows: (1) Air Conditioning System - Dealing with the general design aspects. (2) Air Conditioning Equipment - Design requirements for satisfactory system function and performance. (3) Air Conditioning System Design Requirements -General information for use of those concerned in meeting requirements contained herein.
Standard

AIRBORNE HYDRAULIC AND CONTROL SYSTEM SURVIVABILITY FOR MILITARY AIRCRAFT

1994-06-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1083B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides the hydraulic system designer with the various design options and techniques currently available to enhance the survivability of hydraulic systems. A comprehensive knowledge of the hostile environment to which the air vehicle will be exposed will form the basis upon which the overall design philosophy is formulated. The designer should strive to achieve at the absolute minimum a system which provides the actuation and control capability to meet the minimum acceptable flying quality level to complete the operational mission for which the aircraft is designed; i.e., the aircraft can be controlled and the mission terminated safely, including landing. This AIR will attempt to address the following threats: a Typical Small Arms Fire (5.56, 7.62, 12.7 and 14.5 mm AP) b Cannon (20, 30, and 40 mm API/HEI) c NBC/EMI/EMP/Beamed Particle d Chemical/Biological Protection against missiles is beyond the scope of this AIR.
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AIRCRAFT CABIN PRESSURIZATION CONTROL CRITERIA

1976-01-15
HISTORICAL
ARP1270
These recommendations cover the basic criteria for the design of aircraft cabin pressurization control systems as follows: (1) To ensure aircraft safety. (2) Physiology and limits which govern maximum permissible pressure time relations as related to aircraft passenger comfort. (3) General pressurization control system performance requirements designed to satisfy (2). (4) Technical considerations relevant to satisfying (3).
Standard

AIRCRAFT FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

1990-05-01
HISTORICAL
AIR4094
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) supplies information on the flight control systems incorporated on various aircraft. A brief description of the aircraft is followed by a description of the flight control system, some specific components, drawings of the internal arrangement, block diagrams, and schematics. System operation redundancy management is also presented.
Standard

AIRCRAFT GAS TURBINE ENGINE MONITORING SYSTEM GUIDE

1993-04-01
HISTORICAL
ARP1587A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is a system guide for Engine Monitoring System (EMS) definition and implementation. This keystone document addresses EMS benefits, capabilities, and requirements. It includes EMS in-flight and ground applications consisting of people, equipment, and software. It recommends EMS requirements that are a balance of selected benefits and available capabilities. This ARP purposely addresses a wide range of EMS architecture. The intent is to provide an extensive list of possible EMS design options. NOTE: a Section 3 describes an EMS. b Sections 4 and 5 outline benefits and capabilities that should be considered for study purposes to define EMS baselines for how much engine monitoring is required. c Section 6 provides implementation requirements that should be considered for an EMS after study baseline levels of EMS complexity are selected.
Standard

AIRCRAFT NOSE WHEEL STEERING/CENTERING SYSTEMS

1991-03-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1752
This document covers both military aircraft (land-based and ship-based) and commercial aircraft. It is intended that the document be continually updated as new aircraft and/or new "lessons learned" become available.
Standard

AUTOMATIC BRAKING SYSTEMS REQUIREMENTS

1988-06-02
HISTORICAL
ARP1907
This ARP covers the functional, design, construction, and test requirements for Automatic Braking Systems. Installation information and lessons learned are also included.
Standard

AUTOMATIC PILOT INSTALLATIONS

1957-11-15
HISTORICAL
ARP419
These recommendations cover the mechanical and electrical installation and installation test procedures for automatic pilots of the type normally used in transport type aircraft. The material in this ARP does not supercede any airworthiness requirement in the Civil Air Regulations.
Standard

AUTOMATIC PILOTS

1959-02-01
HISTORICAL
AS402A
This Aeronautical Standard covers Automatic Pilots intended for use on aircraft to automatically operate the aerodynamic controls to maintain flight and/or to provide maneuvering about the three axes through servo control.
Standard

AUTOMATIC PILOTS (Turbine Powered Subsonic Aircraft)

1963-02-01
HISTORICAL
AS440
This Aerospace Standard covers Automatic Pilots intended for use on aircraft to automatically operate the primary and trim aerodynamic controls to maintain stable flight and/or to provide maneuvering about any of the three axes through servo control. Automatic control functions essential for primary or augmented flight control are excluded.
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