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Technical Paper

A Study on the Advanced Technology Analysis Process of Steering System for Idle Performance

This paper describes the optimal design process of the steering column system and the supporting system. At the initial concept stage of development process, a design guide is proposed to obtain sufficient stiffness of the steering system while reducing idle vibration sensitivity of the system. Case studies on resonance isolation are summarized, in which separated vibration modes among systems by applying Vibration Mode Map at the initial stage of design process. This study also makes it possible to provide design guideline for optimal dynamic damper system using CAE (computer aided engineering) analysis. The damper FE (finite element) model is added to vehicle model to analyze the relation between the frequency and the sensitivity of steering column system. This analysis methodology enables target performance achievement in early design stage and reduction of damper tuning activity after proto car test stage.
Technical Paper

A Study on the Development Process of a Body with High Stiffness

Design optimization of a vehicle is required to increase a product value for noise and vibration performances and for a fuel-efficient car. This paper describes the development process of a high stiffness and lightweight vehicle. A parameter study is carried out at the initial stage of design using the mother car, and a design guide with a good performance is achieved early prior to the development of the proto car. Influences of body stiffness based on the relative weight ratio of the floor and side structures are analyzed. Results show that bending and torsional stiffness has a significant effect on weight distribution ratio. Influences of the distribution of side joint stiffness are analyzed through numerical experiments. Results reveal that the stiffness difference between the upper and lower parts should be small to increase the stiffness of a body.
Technical Paper

A Study on the Optimization of Body Structure for Rattle Noise by Exciting Woofer Speakers

With the recent development of technologies for interpreting vibration and noise of vehicles, it has become possible for carmakers to reduce idle vibration and driving noise in the phase of preceding development. Thus, the issue of noise generation is drawing keen attention from production of prototype car through mass-production development. J. D. Power has surveyed the levels of customer satisfaction with all vehicles sold in the U.S. market and released the Initial Quality Study (IQS) index. As a growing number of emotional quality-related items are added to the IQS evaluation index, it is necessary to secure a sufficiently high quality level of low-frequency speaker sound against rattle noise. It is required to make a preceding review on the package tray panel, which is located at the bottom of the rear glass where the woofer speakers of a passenger sedan are installed, the door module panel in which the door speakers are built.
Technical Paper

Noise Sensitivity Analysis of an Engine Mount System Using the Transfer Function Synthesis Method

The transfer function synthesis method is one of the most powerful methods in analyzing the responses of complex built-up structures under high modal density. Its superiority mostly comes from the ability to incorporate experimental FRFs into the formulation. In this paper, a general procedure for the design sensitivity analysis of vibro-acoustic problems has been presented in frame of the transfer function synthesis method. For an acoustic response function, the proposed method gives a parametric design sensitivity expression in terms of the partial derivatives of the connection element properties and the transfer functions of the substructures. As a realistic problem, an interior noise problem in a passenger car is analyzed. The proposed noise sensitivity formulation calculates the interior noise variations with respect to the changes of the dynamic characteristics of the engine mounts and the bushes.
Technical Paper

Optimal Shape Design of an Air-Conditioner Compressor-Mounting Bracket in a Passenger Car

An air-conditioner compressor-mounting bracket is a structural component of an engine, on which bolts attach an air-conditioner compressor. In this paper, the shape of the air-conditioner compressor-mounting bracket of a passenger car is optimized using a finite element software, and the optimized bracket is manufactured and verified by tests. An objective function for the shape optimization of the bracket is the weight of the bracket. Two design constraints on the bracket are the first resonant frequency of the compressor assembly and the need not to fracture during the workbench durability test. The compressor assembly, which consists of a compressor, a bracket and connection bolts, is modeled using finite elements. The bracket is modeled by solid elements and the swash-plate-type compressor is represented by rigid masses and beam elements in order to consider the elastic effects of the compressor.