Lightning, like any natural phenomenon, is probabilistic in nature. Levels and waveforms vary considerably from one flash to the next. These standardized voltage and current waveforms have been derived to represent the lightning environment, and are used to assess the direct effects of lightning on aircraft. The standardized external current waveforms have in turn been used to derive standardized transient voltage and current waveforms which can be expected to appear on the cable bundles and at equipment interfaces.
In addition, test waveforms based on current industry best practice are included to supplement these waveforms that are derived directly from the lightning environment. Considerations such as testability and important waveform characteristics that can demonstrate lightning design effectiveness are taken into account.
The parameters of the standardized waveforms, both external and derived transients, represent severe versions of each of the characteristics of natural lightning flashes and include all parameters of interest with respect to lightning protection for aircraft. However, it should be noted that in every case more severe versions of each of the characteristics of the standardized waveforms have been recorded in natural lightning flashes as well as additional parameters such as electric field effects in non-conductive structures.
The test waveforms provided in this ARP are considered to be adequate for the demonstration of compliance for the protection of an aircraft and its systems against the lightning environment and should be applied in accordance with the aircraft lightning strike zones (see ARP5414) and test methods (see ARP5416 (DRAFT)), and applicable FAA and JAA advisory and interpretive material.
This ARP is one of the set of three documents covering the whole spectrum of aircraft interaction with lightning. The purpose of this ARP is to provide the characteristics of lightning that are encountered by aircraft as well as transients appearing at the interfaces of equipment associated with electrical/electronic systems as a result of that interaction. These characteristics are referred to as the aircraft lightning environment. The two other documents provide information on aircraft lightning zoning (see ARP5414) and aircraft lightning testing (see ARP5416 (DRAFT)). The relationship between the three documents is shown in Figure 1.