For the basic concepts underlying the spring design and for many of the details see the SAE Information Report MANUAL ON DESIGN AND APPLICATION OF HELICAL AND SPIRAL SPRINGS, SAE HS 795, which is available from SAE Headquarters in Warrendale, PA 15096. A uniform method for specifying design information is shown in the TYPICAL DESIGN CHECK LISTS FOR HELICAL SPRINGS, SAE J1122.
Two types of helical springs are considered:
Hot-coiled compression springs for general automotive use as well as for motor vehicle suspensions.
Cold-wound compression and extension springs for general automotive use.
This recommended practice uses SI (metric) units in accordance with the provisions of SAE J916, dated February 1974.