Engine, integral automatic transmission, driveline or trailer-axle retarders
It assumes that foundation brakes are notused for maintaining speed on long mountain descents. Retardation is rated in terms of the maximum grades on which stable control speeds can be maintained for each gear over the range of highway speeds appropriate to that gear. For eachgear, the calculation procedure determines maximum grades for at least four values of control speed ranging from the vehicle velocity corresponding to full load governed engine rpm, to the vehicle velocity corresponding to the engine rpm at minimum (idle) speed. In addition, the calculation procedure provides information on the total retarding power available for each gear.