This SAE Recommended Practice document defines a recommended practice for implementing a bidirectional, serial communication link among modules containing microcomputers. This document defines those parameters of the serial link that relate primarily to hardware and basic software compatibility such as interface requirements, system protocol, and message format. The actual data to be transmitted by particular modules, which is an important aspect of communications compatibility, is not specified in this document. These and other details of communications link implementation and use should be specified in the separate application documents referenced in Section 2.
The purpose of this document is to define a general-purpose serial data communication link that may be utilized in heavy-duty vehicle applications. It is intended to serve as a guide toward standard practice to promote serial communication compatibility among microcomputer-based modules. The primary use of the general-purpose communications link is expected to be the sharing of data among stand-alone modules to cost effectively enhance their operation. Communication links used to implement functions that require a dedicated communication link between specific modules may deviate from this document.