OBD Communications Compliance Test Cases for Heavy Duty Components and Vehicles
The purpose of this Recommended Practice is to verify that vehicles and/or components are capable of communicating a
required set of information, in accordance with the diagnostic test messages specified in SAE J1939-73, to fulfill the offboard
diagnostic tool interface requirements contained in the government regulations cited below.
This document describes the tests, test methods, and results for verifying diagnostics communication from an off board
diagnostic tool (i.e., scan tool) to a vehicle and/or component. SAE members have generated this document to serve as a
guide for testing vehicles for compliance with ARB and other requirements for emissions-related on-board diagnostic
(OBD) functions for heavy duty engines used in medium and heavy duty vehicles.
Rationale: The development of HD OBD regulations by US EPA and California’s Air Resources Board (ARB) require that diagnostic
message services are exercised to evaluate diagnostic communication standardization requirements on production
vehicles. The December 2008 publication of J1939-84 described a test process for EURO IV and EURO V engine
emissions and diagnostics regulations. This version of the document adds a test plan and procedures for ARB and US
EPA HD OBD requirements with emphasis on 13 CCR 1971.1 (l)(1) Verification of Standardized Requirements. The prior
test procedure has been retained in Section 7. The user should reference the summary provided by J1939-73 Table 1 and
Table 2 for OBD compliance support.
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