Aerodynamic Testing of Road Vehicles - Testing Methods and Procedures(STABILIZED Apr 2016)
The scope of this SAE Information Report is confined to wind-tunnel testing, although it is recognized that many aspects of the aerodynamic characteristics of road vehicles can be investigated in other test facilities (such as water-tanks) or, especially, on the road. For example, coastdown testing is often used to determine aerodynamic drag (either in isolation or as part of the total resistance), and artificial gust generators are used to investigate the sensitivity of vehicles to cross-wind gusts.
Also excluded from the present Report are climatic wind-tunnel tests of road vehicles, which are defined in more detail in Section 3.
The Report covers the aerodynamic requirements of a wind-tunnel for automotive testing, together with the facility equipment needed and the requirements affecting the test vehicle or model. The test methods and procedures described here include those for six-component force measurements and measurements of pressures and velocities both on the vehicle/model surface and in the surrounding flow-field.
Flow visualization techniques are outlined, with reference to the detailed coverage in a related SAE Information Report (2). In addition, the reduction, analysis, and presentation of wind-tunnel data are considered, with further references to associated SAE Information Reports (3,4) on corrections to be applied for wind-tunnel blockage effects. Finally, methods are discussed for the validation of the wind-tunnel data, e.g., by tunnel-to-road correlation studies.
As already indicated, this document has been prepared in conjunction with a number of other SAE Information Reports and Recommended Practices (1-5), each of which provides greater detail than is given here on its particular aspect of automotive aerodynamic testing.
Much of the information presented in this document is mature and unlikely to change in the foreseeable future. The remainder - relating particularly to moving ground simulation and blockage correction techniques - is nevertheless judged by the Road Vehicle Aerodynamics Committee to be of historical significance. To supplement it contents, users are encouraged to consult more recent revisions of J1252, J1594, and J2881, as well as relevant SAE conference papers published since the 1993 issue of this document.