FMVSS 105 Inertia Brake Dynamometer Test Procedure for vehicles above 4 540 kg GVWR
This Recommended Practice is derived from the FMVSS 105 vehicle test and applies to two-axle multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks and buses with a GVWR above 4 540 kg (10 000 lbs) equipped with hydraulic service brakes. There are two main test sequences: Development Test Sequence for generic test conditions when not all information is available or when an assessment of brake output at different inputs are required, and FMVSS Test Sequence when vehicle parameters for brake pressure as a function of brake pedal input force and vehicle-specific loading and brake distribution are available. The test sequences are derived from the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 105 (and 121 for optional sections) as single-ended inertia-dynamometer test procedures when using the appropriate brake hardware and test parameters. This recommended practice provides Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), brake and component manufacturers, as well as aftermarket suppliers, results related to brake output, friction material effectiveness, and corner performance in a laboratory-controlled test environment.
The test sequences include different dynamic conditions (braking speeds, temperature, and braking history as outlined in the FMVSS 105); inertia loads equivalent to the vehicle’s LLVW and GVWR; fully operational, partial failure, and failed system conditions. All applicable sections of the FMVSS 105 are included. Optional sections include: parking brake output, water recovery, TP-121D dynamometer retardation, and 32 km/h (20 mph) stops to simulate Federal Motor Carrier Safety (FMCS) requirements.
This Recommended Practice does not evaluate or quantify other brake system characteristics such as wear, noise, judder, ABS performance, or braking under extreme temperatures or speeds. Minimum performance requirements are not part of this recommended practice. Consistency and margin of pass/fail of the minimum requirements related to stopping distance or equivalent deceleration levels of the FMVSS 105 vehicle test can be assessed as part of the project in coordination with the test requestor when using the appropriate vehicle information and vehicle dynamics modeling. Nevertheless, this procedure and its results do not replace the vehicle-level test to demonstrate compliance to FMVSS (105 for hydraulic brake systems or 121 for air-over-hydraulic brake systems), or other mandatory regulations (like ECE R13 or equivalents).
Vehicle and braking systems development is fast-paced, and involves a global supplier base. This Recommended Practice provides an inertia-dynamometer test procedure that is repeatable and cost-effective. It evaluates the performance of the brake corner and its components (including friction material) by following the test procedure and sequence as indicated in the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 105. Data from this Recommended Practice may be combined with other brake system and vehicle characteristics to predict vehicle performance.
Since the first release of the FMVSS 105, there have been numerous inertia-dynamometer test protocols developed and used by the industry with different approaches and levels of detail. The SAE Truck and Bus Hydraulic Brake Committee considers laboratory test procedures useful in supporting harmonization to improve the overall performance and safety of motor vehicle braking systems.