Considerations for ISO 26262 ASIL Hazard Classification
This SAE Recommended Practice presents a method and example results for determining the Automotive Safety Integrity Level (ASIL) for automotive motion control electrical and electronic (E/E) systems. The ASIL determination activity is required by ISO 26262-3:2011 , and it is intended that the process and results herein are consistent with ISO 26262:2011 . The technical focus of this document is on vehicle motion control systems. It is limited to passenger cars weighing up to 3.5 metric tons. Furthermore, the scope of this recommended practice is limited to collision-related hazards associated with motion control systems. The recommended practice focused on motion control systems since the hazards they can create generally have higher ASIL ratings, as compared to the hazards non-motion control systems can create. Because of this, the Functional Safety Committee decided to give motion control systems a higher priority and focus exclusively on them in the SAE J2980 recommended practice. ISO 26262:2011  has a wider scope than SAE J2980, covering other functions and accidents (not just motion control or collisions as in SAE J2980).
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended to provide guidance for identifying and classifying hazardous events, which are per ISO 26262:2011 , defined at the vehicle level utilizing the ISO 26262:2011  hazard analysis and risk assessment (HARA) method.